Regulation of root distribution and depth by phosphorus localization in Agrostis stolonifera

Eric M. Lyons, Robert H. Snyder, Jonathan Paul Lynch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Root distribution in turfgrass systems influences drought tolerance and resource competition with undesirable species. We hypothesized that spatial localization of phosphorus (P) supply would permit manipulation of turfgrass root distribution. To test this hypothesis, creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.) plants were exposed to localized P supply in two experiments. The first experiment split the root zone horizontally into two different growth tubes and the second used alumina-buffered P (Al-P) to localize P availability deeper within a continuous root zone. In the horizontally split root zones, heterogeneous P availability led to no difference in shoot growth compared with uniform P availability. Root proliferation was greatest in the growth tube with available P compared with the growth tube without P. The use of Al-P, regardless of its spatial distribution, doubled root-to-shoot ratios compared with soluble P. Much of the increase in the ratio was accounted for by reduced shoot growth. Use of Al-P increased rooting deeper in the root zone, especially when the Al-P was mixed only in the lower portion of the root zone. Our results are consistent with the hypothesis that root distribution of creeping bentgrass can be manipulated by spatial localization of P supply in the root zone and indicate that relative biomass allocation to roots and shoots may be manipulated with buffered P sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2203-2209
Number of pages7
JournalHortScience
Volume43
Issue number7
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

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Agrostis stolonifera
rhizosphere
aluminum oxide
phosphorus
turf grasses
shoots
dry matter partitioning
root shoot ratio
drought tolerance
rooting
spatial distribution
testing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

Cite this

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abstract = "Root distribution in turfgrass systems influences drought tolerance and resource competition with undesirable species. We hypothesized that spatial localization of phosphorus (P) supply would permit manipulation of turfgrass root distribution. To test this hypothesis, creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.) plants were exposed to localized P supply in two experiments. The first experiment split the root zone horizontally into two different growth tubes and the second used alumina-buffered P (Al-P) to localize P availability deeper within a continuous root zone. In the horizontally split root zones, heterogeneous P availability led to no difference in shoot growth compared with uniform P availability. Root proliferation was greatest in the growth tube with available P compared with the growth tube without P. The use of Al-P, regardless of its spatial distribution, doubled root-to-shoot ratios compared with soluble P. Much of the increase in the ratio was accounted for by reduced shoot growth. Use of Al-P increased rooting deeper in the root zone, especially when the Al-P was mixed only in the lower portion of the root zone. Our results are consistent with the hypothesis that root distribution of creeping bentgrass can be manipulated by spatial localization of P supply in the root zone and indicate that relative biomass allocation to roots and shoots may be manipulated with buffered P sources.",
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Regulation of root distribution and depth by phosphorus localization in Agrostis stolonifera. / Lyons, Eric M.; Snyder, Robert H.; Lynch, Jonathan Paul.

In: HortScience, Vol. 43, No. 7, 01.12.2008, p. 2203-2209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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