We have examined the role of protein kinase C (PKC)-βII and its functional relationship to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] and intracellular Ca2+ in the contraction of smooth muscle cells from the rabbit internal and sphincter (IAS). PKC-β (0.1-100 U/ml) and Ins(1,4,5)P3 (10-9 to 10-6 M) caused concentration-dependent contraction of IAS smooth muscle cells permeabilized by saponin. The combination of threshold concentrations of Ins(1,4,5)P3 (10-9 M) and PKC (0.1 U/ml) was more than additive, causing near maximal shortening (28.2 ± 2.1% decrease in cell length from control). The response to high concentrations of Ins(1,4,5)P3 and PKC used in combination was not greater than the response to either agent alone. The calmodulin antagonist W-7 (10-9 M) inhibited the maximal contraction induced by Ins(1,4,5)P3 but not contraction caused by PKC, whereas the PKC antagonist H-7 (10-6 M) inhibited the maximal contraction induced by PKC but not contraction caused by Ins(1,4,5)P3. Threshold doses of the ionophores A23187 (10-9 M) and ionomycin (0.2 ng/ml) caused little contraction by themselves, but they potentiated the response elicited by a threshold concentration of PKC (0.1 U/ml), inducing maximal contraction. Preincubation of IAS cells with 4 mM Sr2+, which inhibits the release of intracellular Ca2+, abolished the potentiating effect of Ins(1,4,5)P3 and calcium ionophores on PKC, but the calmodulin antagonist W-7 did not. These data suggest that the contractile effect of maximally effective doses of PKC is independent of the effects of Ins(1,4,5)P3. At submaximal concentrations, however, PKC-dependent contraction is potentiated by Ins(1,4,5)P3 or by ionophore-mediated release of intracellular Ca2+ without requiring calmodulin activation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Issue number||4 23-4|
|State||Published - 1991|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)