Seasonal pressure-volume (P-V) analyses were conducted on rehydrated and non-rehydrated leaves of Quercus rubra, Q. ilicifolia, Q. prinus, and Fraxinus americana in central Pennsylvania, U.S.A., to test the hypothesis that rehydration-induced shifts in P-V parameters occur in woody species from a non-arid region, and that the magnitude of these shifts increases with species drought tolerance and drought conditions. The species from a xeric ridge (Q. ilicifolia and Q. prinus) displayed increases of about 0.4-0.6 MPa in the osmotic potentials at full and zero turgor and a concurrent loss of symplastic solutes following 12 h and 24 h rehydration, particularly during a late-season drought. In contrast, the mesic, valley species (Q. rubra and F. americana) did not display significant shifts in osmotic parameters with rehydration at any time. In several instances, the relative water content at zero turgor (RWC0) increased by about 6% (e.g., from 85% to 91%) and the bulk elastic modulus (ε) decreased by about 4.0 MPa following rehydration and correction for the plateau effect; the magnitude of these shifts was greatest in the xeric species. However, when data were not corrected for the plateau effect, RWC0 decreased by about 4% in some of the species/date combinations. Plateaus were also responsible for some of the decrease in ε with rehydration, but not for the shifts in osmotic potentials. The largest increases in osmotic potentials corresponded with decreases in tissue osmotic solute content. Rehydration-induced shifts in P-V parameters were responsible for masking or reducing most of the species and seasonal differences exhibited in nonrehydrated samples.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics