Numerous studies have revealed the benefits of using geogrids in a flexible pavement, especially for reducing permanent deformation. One of the questions that remain about the effectiveness of a geogrid in reinforcing of pavement is the extent to which the geogrid is engaged and mobilized throughout its service. This paper presents results of a laboratory study on various geogrid products embedded in flexible-pavement sections. The laboratory-scale pavement sections were subjected to cyclic moving wheel loads by using reduced-scale accelerated pavement testing (APT). During the APT, strains that developed in the geogrids were measured at intervals of loading applications by strain gauges installed in pairs on the upper and lower surfaces of the geogrid ribs. Permanent deformation of the subgrade was also measured at the same intervals of loading applications. The measurements of geogrid strains throughout the construction process indicated that the construction resulted in a considerable prestressing effect on the geogrids. Measurements from the individual strain gauges in pairs showed that the gauges installed on the upper surfaces of the ribs were in compression while those on the lower surfaces were in tension; the situation suggested a significant effect on the flexural deflection of the ribs on the tensile strain measurements from the strain gauges. Furthermore, it was observed that geogrid ribs in the longitudinal direction of traffic loading were not mobilized, while considerable strains were developed in geogrid ribs in the direction transverse to traffic loading. A clear correlation was found between the reinforcing forces developed in the geogrids and the performance of the reinforced subgrade in relation to resisting permanent deformation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering