Relations between temperament and anger regulation over early childhood

Patricia Z. Tan, Laura Marie Armstrong, Pamela Marie Cole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Theory suggests temperamental reactivity [negative affectivity (NA)] and regulation [effortful control (EC)] predict variation in the development of emotion regulation (ER). However, few studies report such relations, particularly studies utilizing observational measures of children's ER behaviors in longitudinal designs. Using multilevel modeling, the present study tested whether (1) between-person differences in mean levels of mother-reported child NA and EC (aggregated across age) and (2) within-person changes in NA and EC from the ages of 18 to 42 months predicted subsequent improvements in laboratory-based observations of children's anger regulation from the ages of 24 to 48 months. As expected, mean level of EC (aggregated across age) predicted longer latency to anger; however, no other temperament variables predicted anger expression. Mean level of EC also predicted the latency to a child's use of one regulatory strategy, distraction. Finally, decreases in NA were associated with age-related changes in how long children used distractions and how quickly they bid calmly to their mother. Implications for relations between temperament and anger regulation are discussed in terms of both conceptual and methodological issues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)755-772
Number of pages18
JournalSocial Development
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

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Temperament
Anger
affectivity
anger
childhood
regulation
Emotions
emotion
Mothers
human being
Observational Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Tan, Patricia Z. ; Armstrong, Laura Marie ; Cole, Pamela Marie. / Relations between temperament and anger regulation over early childhood. In: Social Development. 2013 ; Vol. 22, No. 4. pp. 755-772.
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Relations between temperament and anger regulation over early childhood. / Tan, Patricia Z.; Armstrong, Laura Marie; Cole, Pamela Marie.

In: Social Development, Vol. 22, No. 4, 01.11.2013, p. 755-772.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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