Relationship of occupation to contact dermatitis

Evaluation in patients tested from 1998 to 2000

Robert L. Rietschel, C. G.Toby Mathias, Joseph F. Fowler, Melanie Pratt, James S. Taylor, Elizabeth F. Sherertz, James Marks, Donald V. Belsito, Frances J. Storrs, Howard I. Maibach, Anthony F. Fransway, Vincent A. DeLeo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Both irritant and allergic contact dermatitis can be influenced by occupational and nonoccupational environmental exposures. Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the occupations and allergens of occupational contact dermatitis cases with nonoccupational contact dermatitis cases. Methods: Diagnostic patch testing was conducted with the 50 screening allergens of the North American Contact Dermatitis Group and occupational coding by the Surveillance Branch of the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. Results: Of the 5,839 patients patch tested for contact dermatitis, 1,097 (19%) were deemed to be occupationally related. Of the occupational cases, 60% were of allergic and 32% were of irritant origin. The hands were the primary body part affected in 64% of allergic occupational cases and 80% of irritant occupational cases. Epoxy resin was the only allergen tested that was associated more with an occupational exposure than nonoccupational exposure. The allergens encountered most frequently in the occupational cases were carba mix, thiuram mix, epoxy resin, formaldehyde, and nickel. The medical field is overrepresented in the data compared with other occupations. Conclusions: Occupational contact dermatitis frequently was found to be multifactorial and associated with several specific allergens and occupations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-176
Number of pages7
JournalUnknown Journal
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

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Contact Dermatitis
Occupations
Allergens
Irritants
Occupational Dermatitis
Epoxy Resins
Thiram
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.)
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Environmental Exposure
Occupational Exposure
Nickel
Human Body
Formaldehyde
Hand

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Rietschel, R. L., Mathias, C. G. T., Fowler, J. F., Pratt, M., Taylor, J. S., Sherertz, E. F., ... DeLeo, V. A. (2002). Relationship of occupation to contact dermatitis: Evaluation in patients tested from 1998 to 2000. Unknown Journal, 13(4), 170-176. https://doi.org/10.1053/ajcd.2002.36635
Rietschel, Robert L. ; Mathias, C. G.Toby ; Fowler, Joseph F. ; Pratt, Melanie ; Taylor, James S. ; Sherertz, Elizabeth F. ; Marks, James ; Belsito, Donald V. ; Storrs, Frances J. ; Maibach, Howard I. ; Fransway, Anthony F. ; DeLeo, Vincent A. / Relationship of occupation to contact dermatitis : Evaluation in patients tested from 1998 to 2000. In: Unknown Journal. 2002 ; Vol. 13, No. 4. pp. 170-176.
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Rietschel, RL, Mathias, CGT, Fowler, JF, Pratt, M, Taylor, JS, Sherertz, EF, Marks, J, Belsito, DV, Storrs, FJ, Maibach, HI, Fransway, AF & DeLeo, VA 2002, 'Relationship of occupation to contact dermatitis: Evaluation in patients tested from 1998 to 2000', Unknown Journal, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 170-176. https://doi.org/10.1053/ajcd.2002.36635

Relationship of occupation to contact dermatitis : Evaluation in patients tested from 1998 to 2000. / Rietschel, Robert L.; Mathias, C. G.Toby; Fowler, Joseph F.; Pratt, Melanie; Taylor, James S.; Sherertz, Elizabeth F.; Marks, James; Belsito, Donald V.; Storrs, Frances J.; Maibach, Howard I.; Fransway, Anthony F.; DeLeo, Vincent A.

In: Unknown Journal, Vol. 13, No. 4, 01.01.2002, p. 170-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T2 - Evaluation in patients tested from 1998 to 2000

AU - Rietschel, Robert L.

AU - Mathias, C. G.Toby

AU - Fowler, Joseph F.

AU - Pratt, Melanie

AU - Taylor, James S.

AU - Sherertz, Elizabeth F.

AU - Marks, James

AU - Belsito, Donald V.

AU - Storrs, Frances J.

AU - Maibach, Howard I.

AU - Fransway, Anthony F.

AU - DeLeo, Vincent A.

PY - 2002/1/1

Y1 - 2002/1/1

N2 - Background: Both irritant and allergic contact dermatitis can be influenced by occupational and nonoccupational environmental exposures. Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the occupations and allergens of occupational contact dermatitis cases with nonoccupational contact dermatitis cases. Methods: Diagnostic patch testing was conducted with the 50 screening allergens of the North American Contact Dermatitis Group and occupational coding by the Surveillance Branch of the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. Results: Of the 5,839 patients patch tested for contact dermatitis, 1,097 (19%) were deemed to be occupationally related. Of the occupational cases, 60% were of allergic and 32% were of irritant origin. The hands were the primary body part affected in 64% of allergic occupational cases and 80% of irritant occupational cases. Epoxy resin was the only allergen tested that was associated more with an occupational exposure than nonoccupational exposure. The allergens encountered most frequently in the occupational cases were carba mix, thiuram mix, epoxy resin, formaldehyde, and nickel. The medical field is overrepresented in the data compared with other occupations. Conclusions: Occupational contact dermatitis frequently was found to be multifactorial and associated with several specific allergens and occupations.

AB - Background: Both irritant and allergic contact dermatitis can be influenced by occupational and nonoccupational environmental exposures. Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the occupations and allergens of occupational contact dermatitis cases with nonoccupational contact dermatitis cases. Methods: Diagnostic patch testing was conducted with the 50 screening allergens of the North American Contact Dermatitis Group and occupational coding by the Surveillance Branch of the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. Results: Of the 5,839 patients patch tested for contact dermatitis, 1,097 (19%) were deemed to be occupationally related. Of the occupational cases, 60% were of allergic and 32% were of irritant origin. The hands were the primary body part affected in 64% of allergic occupational cases and 80% of irritant occupational cases. Epoxy resin was the only allergen tested that was associated more with an occupational exposure than nonoccupational exposure. The allergens encountered most frequently in the occupational cases were carba mix, thiuram mix, epoxy resin, formaldehyde, and nickel. The medical field is overrepresented in the data compared with other occupations. Conclusions: Occupational contact dermatitis frequently was found to be multifactorial and associated with several specific allergens and occupations.

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Rietschel RL, Mathias CGT, Fowler JF, Pratt M, Taylor JS, Sherertz EF et al. Relationship of occupation to contact dermatitis: Evaluation in patients tested from 1998 to 2000. Unknown Journal. 2002 Jan 1;13(4):170-176. https://doi.org/10.1053/ajcd.2002.36635