Relationships between IWC and polarimetric radar measurands at 94 and 220 GHz for hexagonal columns and plates

Kultegin Aydin, Chengxian Tang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Ice crystal models of a hexagonal column and hexagonal plate are used for deriving power-law relationships between ice water content (IWC) and various radar measurands, including Zh, KDP, Ah, and ZDR (which are used together with Zh, or KDP,) at 94- and 220-GHz frequencies. The scattering computations are performed with the finite-difference time-domain method. The IWC and radar measurands are simulated based on gamma model size distributions characteristic of cirrus clouds. All the relationships involving the polarimetric measurands KDP and ZDR have less than 15% standard error (in the IWC estimate) when applied to the simulated size distributions. The standard errors for the IWC-Zh and IWC-Ah relationships reach 40%. These should be considered as lower limits to the errors resulting from the relationships. The biases increase with variations in the model ice crystal aspect ratio, density, and canting angle. The least affected relationships are those involving Zh, and Ah, alone. Combining ZDR with Zh, increases the biases compared to using only Zh. The largest biases from all of these relationships arise as a result of applying those for columns to plates and vice versa. This indicates the need for differentiating ice crystal types. The clustering of hexagonal columns and plates in different regions of the Zh,-ZDR and Zh-KDP planes are suggested as a possible means of identifying them at side incidence, in addition to their depolarization signatures.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1055-1063
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
    Volume14
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

    Fingerprint

    Water content
    Ice
    Radar
    water content
    radar
    ice crystal
    ice
    Crystals
    cirrus
    power law
    scattering
    Finite difference time domain method
    Depolarization
    Aspect ratio
    Scattering

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Ocean Engineering
    • Atmospheric Science

    Cite this

    @article{26938cfca5f9449f8fb3325d02f24c3e,
    title = "Relationships between IWC and polarimetric radar measurands at 94 and 220 GHz for hexagonal columns and plates",
    abstract = "Ice crystal models of a hexagonal column and hexagonal plate are used for deriving power-law relationships between ice water content (IWC) and various radar measurands, including Zh, KDP, Ah, and ZDR (which are used together with Zh, or KDP,) at 94- and 220-GHz frequencies. The scattering computations are performed with the finite-difference time-domain method. The IWC and radar measurands are simulated based on gamma model size distributions characteristic of cirrus clouds. All the relationships involving the polarimetric measurands KDP and ZDR have less than 15{\%} standard error (in the IWC estimate) when applied to the simulated size distributions. The standard errors for the IWC-Zh and IWC-Ah relationships reach 40{\%}. These should be considered as lower limits to the errors resulting from the relationships. The biases increase with variations in the model ice crystal aspect ratio, density, and canting angle. The least affected relationships are those involving Zh, and Ah, alone. Combining ZDR with Zh, increases the biases compared to using only Zh. The largest biases from all of these relationships arise as a result of applying those for columns to plates and vice versa. This indicates the need for differentiating ice crystal types. The clustering of hexagonal columns and plates in different regions of the Zh,-ZDR and Zh-KDP planes are suggested as a possible means of identifying them at side incidence, in addition to their depolarization signatures.",
    author = "Kultegin Aydin and Chengxian Tang",
    year = "1997",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1175/1520-0426(1997)014<1055:RBIAPR>2.0.CO;2",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "14",
    pages = "1055--1063",
    journal = "Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology",
    issn = "0739-0572",
    publisher = "American Meteorological Society",
    number = "5",

    }

    Relationships between IWC and polarimetric radar measurands at 94 and 220 GHz for hexagonal columns and plates. / Aydin, Kultegin; Tang, Chengxian.

    In: Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 14, No. 5, 01.01.1997, p. 1055-1063.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Relationships between IWC and polarimetric radar measurands at 94 and 220 GHz for hexagonal columns and plates

    AU - Aydin, Kultegin

    AU - Tang, Chengxian

    PY - 1997/1/1

    Y1 - 1997/1/1

    N2 - Ice crystal models of a hexagonal column and hexagonal plate are used for deriving power-law relationships between ice water content (IWC) and various radar measurands, including Zh, KDP, Ah, and ZDR (which are used together with Zh, or KDP,) at 94- and 220-GHz frequencies. The scattering computations are performed with the finite-difference time-domain method. The IWC and radar measurands are simulated based on gamma model size distributions characteristic of cirrus clouds. All the relationships involving the polarimetric measurands KDP and ZDR have less than 15% standard error (in the IWC estimate) when applied to the simulated size distributions. The standard errors for the IWC-Zh and IWC-Ah relationships reach 40%. These should be considered as lower limits to the errors resulting from the relationships. The biases increase with variations in the model ice crystal aspect ratio, density, and canting angle. The least affected relationships are those involving Zh, and Ah, alone. Combining ZDR with Zh, increases the biases compared to using only Zh. The largest biases from all of these relationships arise as a result of applying those for columns to plates and vice versa. This indicates the need for differentiating ice crystal types. The clustering of hexagonal columns and plates in different regions of the Zh,-ZDR and Zh-KDP planes are suggested as a possible means of identifying them at side incidence, in addition to their depolarization signatures.

    AB - Ice crystal models of a hexagonal column and hexagonal plate are used for deriving power-law relationships between ice water content (IWC) and various radar measurands, including Zh, KDP, Ah, and ZDR (which are used together with Zh, or KDP,) at 94- and 220-GHz frequencies. The scattering computations are performed with the finite-difference time-domain method. The IWC and radar measurands are simulated based on gamma model size distributions characteristic of cirrus clouds. All the relationships involving the polarimetric measurands KDP and ZDR have less than 15% standard error (in the IWC estimate) when applied to the simulated size distributions. The standard errors for the IWC-Zh and IWC-Ah relationships reach 40%. These should be considered as lower limits to the errors resulting from the relationships. The biases increase with variations in the model ice crystal aspect ratio, density, and canting angle. The least affected relationships are those involving Zh, and Ah, alone. Combining ZDR with Zh, increases the biases compared to using only Zh. The largest biases from all of these relationships arise as a result of applying those for columns to plates and vice versa. This indicates the need for differentiating ice crystal types. The clustering of hexagonal columns and plates in different regions of the Zh,-ZDR and Zh-KDP planes are suggested as a possible means of identifying them at side incidence, in addition to their depolarization signatures.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0001646790&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0001646790&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1175/1520-0426(1997)014<1055:RBIAPR>2.0.CO;2

    DO - 10.1175/1520-0426(1997)014<1055:RBIAPR>2.0.CO;2

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:0001646790

    VL - 14

    SP - 1055

    EP - 1063

    JO - Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology

    JF - Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology

    SN - 0739-0572

    IS - 5

    ER -