Relative Novelty of Conditioning Context Influences Directionality of Glycemic Conditioning

Charles F. Flaherty, Patricia S. Grigson, Ann Brady

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous experiments in which insulin was administered in a Pavlovian conditioning procedure obtained both hyperglycemic and hypoglycemic conditioned responses (CRs). In the present experiment the relationship of the conditioning context and the housing environment was varied. Two environments, wastebasket (WB) and metal cage (MC), were varied factorially as housing and conditioning contexts. Subgroups were injected with either insulin or saline for 6 days and then, on a test day for conditioning, all animals were administered saline. The results suggested that a hyperglycemic CR could be expected when the conditioning context is different from the housing context, but a hypoglycemic CR could be expected when the conditioning context and housing context are similar. The magnitude and reliability of conditioning were greater when it was conducted in the WB context than when conditioning was conducted in the MC context. These results are discussed in terms of stress arising from relative novelty of the conditioning environment and in terms of the salience of the conditioned stimulus (CS) used in glycemic conditioning studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-149
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1987

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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