Relative Roles of Preconditioning Moistening and Global Circumnavigating Mode on the MJO Convective Initiation During DYNAMO

Xingchao Chen, Fuqing Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The relative importance of preconditioning moistening and global circumnavigating mode in the convective initiation of the October 2011 Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) event observed during the Dynamics of the Madden–Julian Oscillation (DYNAMO) field campaign is investigated using a series of convection-permitting regional model simulations. It is demonstrated that the MJO convective initiation is largely controlled by the global circumnavigating mode at the intraseasonal scales. Rapid moistening closely related to this eastward propagating mode a few days prior to the MJO active phase is crucial to the initiation of deep convection and enhanced rainfall. This moistening process nevertheless cannot be accurately described by the “discharge-recharge” hypothesis, which speculates the importance a gradual moisture buildup over an approximately 2-week period leading to the arrival of the active MJO phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1079-1087
Number of pages9
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 28 2019

Fingerprint

preconditioning
oscillation
oscillations
convection
moisture
arrivals
recharge
rainfall
simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

@article{a0b4fad27f6442298e142aa39bb2d758,
title = "Relative Roles of Preconditioning Moistening and Global Circumnavigating Mode on the MJO Convective Initiation During DYNAMO",
abstract = "The relative importance of preconditioning moistening and global circumnavigating mode in the convective initiation of the October 2011 Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) event observed during the Dynamics of the Madden–Julian Oscillation (DYNAMO) field campaign is investigated using a series of convection-permitting regional model simulations. It is demonstrated that the MJO convective initiation is largely controlled by the global circumnavigating mode at the intraseasonal scales. Rapid moistening closely related to this eastward propagating mode a few days prior to the MJO active phase is crucial to the initiation of deep convection and enhanced rainfall. This moistening process nevertheless cannot be accurately described by the “discharge-recharge” hypothesis, which speculates the importance a gradual moisture buildup over an approximately 2-week period leading to the arrival of the active MJO phase.",
author = "Xingchao Chen and Fuqing Zhang",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1029/2018GL080987",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "1079--1087",
journal = "Geophysical Research Letters",
issn = "0094-8276",
publisher = "American Geophysical Union",
number = "2",

}

Relative Roles of Preconditioning Moistening and Global Circumnavigating Mode on the MJO Convective Initiation During DYNAMO. / Chen, Xingchao; Zhang, Fuqing.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 46, No. 2, 28.01.2019, p. 1079-1087.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relative Roles of Preconditioning Moistening and Global Circumnavigating Mode on the MJO Convective Initiation During DYNAMO

AU - Chen, Xingchao

AU - Zhang, Fuqing

PY - 2019/1/28

Y1 - 2019/1/28

N2 - The relative importance of preconditioning moistening and global circumnavigating mode in the convective initiation of the October 2011 Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) event observed during the Dynamics of the Madden–Julian Oscillation (DYNAMO) field campaign is investigated using a series of convection-permitting regional model simulations. It is demonstrated that the MJO convective initiation is largely controlled by the global circumnavigating mode at the intraseasonal scales. Rapid moistening closely related to this eastward propagating mode a few days prior to the MJO active phase is crucial to the initiation of deep convection and enhanced rainfall. This moistening process nevertheless cannot be accurately described by the “discharge-recharge” hypothesis, which speculates the importance a gradual moisture buildup over an approximately 2-week period leading to the arrival of the active MJO phase.

AB - The relative importance of preconditioning moistening and global circumnavigating mode in the convective initiation of the October 2011 Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) event observed during the Dynamics of the Madden–Julian Oscillation (DYNAMO) field campaign is investigated using a series of convection-permitting regional model simulations. It is demonstrated that the MJO convective initiation is largely controlled by the global circumnavigating mode at the intraseasonal scales. Rapid moistening closely related to this eastward propagating mode a few days prior to the MJO active phase is crucial to the initiation of deep convection and enhanced rainfall. This moistening process nevertheless cannot be accurately described by the “discharge-recharge” hypothesis, which speculates the importance a gradual moisture buildup over an approximately 2-week period leading to the arrival of the active MJO phase.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060621258&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060621258&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1029/2018GL080987

DO - 10.1029/2018GL080987

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85060621258

VL - 46

SP - 1079

EP - 1087

JO - Geophysical Research Letters

JF - Geophysical Research Letters

SN - 0094-8276

IS - 2

ER -