RELAXATION TREATMENT OF PSEUDOINSOMNIA AND IDIOPATHIC INSOMNIA: AN ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

T. D. Borkovec, J. B. Grayson, G. T. O'Brien, T. C. Weerts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Twenty‐nine insomniacs underwent four consecutive sleep laboratory evaluations before and after receiving tension‐release relaxation training, no‐tension‐release relaxation training, or no‐treatment. On the basis of the discrepancy between subjective and EEG‐defined measures of latency to sleep onset, subjects were classified as pseudoinsomniacs or idiopathic insomniacs. As predicted, tension‐release relaxation was significantly more effective than the other two conditions on subjective sleep measures, regardless of insomnia subtype and on objective sleep measures only for idiopathic insomniacs. Subjective improvement was maintained at 12‐month followup. Numerous differences between the two subtypes emerged on pretherapy and during‐therapy measures distinct from the latency measures, but changes on those variables were unrelated to outcome improvement. 1979 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-54
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1979

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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