This paper presents experimental results showing that in a certain composition range and under a proper electron-irradiation treatment, a normal ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) copolymer can be converted into a material exhibiting many typical features of relaxor ferroelectrics, suggesting that this is a new class of relaxor ferroelectric material. Furthermore, the irradiated copolymer can generate giant electrostriction (≈ 5%) with a high elastic energy density. The X-ray diffraction results obtained from the irradiated copolymer under electric field, indicate that the observed polarization and strain responses are mainly due to the local phase transformation from a nonpolar phase to a polar phase.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)