Religious Affiliation and Fertility in a Sub-Saharan Context

Dynamic and Lifetime Perspectives

Victor Agadjanian, Scott Thomas Yabiku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We use uniquely detailed data from a predominantly Christian high-fertility area in Mozambique to examine denominational differentials in fertility from two complementary perspectives—dynamic and cumulative. First, we use event-history analysis to predict yearly risks of birth from denominational affiliation. Then, we employ Poisson regression to model the association between the number of children ever born and share of reproductive life spent in particular denominations or outside organized religion. Both approaches detect a significant increase in fertility associated with membership in a particular type of African-initiated churches which is characterized by strong organizational identity, rigid hierarchy, and insular corporate culture. Membership in the Catholic Church is also associated with elevated completed fertility. We relate these results to extant theoretical perspectives on the relationship between religion and fertility by stressing the interplay between ideological, social, and organizational characteristics of different types of churches and situate our findings within the context of fertility transition and religious demographics in Mozambique and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)673-691
Number of pages19
JournalPopulation Research and Policy Review
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

Fingerprint

denomination
fertility
church
Mozambique
religion
Religion
number of children
regression
event
history

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

@article{2df62de843a044b4a8f85f3df5184ec6,
title = "Religious Affiliation and Fertility in a Sub-Saharan Context: Dynamic and Lifetime Perspectives",
abstract = "We use uniquely detailed data from a predominantly Christian high-fertility area in Mozambique to examine denominational differentials in fertility from two complementary perspectives—dynamic and cumulative. First, we use event-history analysis to predict yearly risks of birth from denominational affiliation. Then, we employ Poisson regression to model the association between the number of children ever born and share of reproductive life spent in particular denominations or outside organized religion. Both approaches detect a significant increase in fertility associated with membership in a particular type of African-initiated churches which is characterized by strong organizational identity, rigid hierarchy, and insular corporate culture. Membership in the Catholic Church is also associated with elevated completed fertility. We relate these results to extant theoretical perspectives on the relationship between religion and fertility by stressing the interplay between ideological, social, and organizational characteristics of different types of churches and situate our findings within the context of fertility transition and religious demographics in Mozambique and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa.",
author = "Victor Agadjanian and Yabiku, {Scott Thomas}",
year = "2014",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11113-013-9317-2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "673--691",
journal = "Population Research and Policy Review",
issn = "0167-5923",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "5",

}

Religious Affiliation and Fertility in a Sub-Saharan Context : Dynamic and Lifetime Perspectives. / Agadjanian, Victor; Yabiku, Scott Thomas.

In: Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 33, No. 5, 01.10.2014, p. 673-691.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Religious Affiliation and Fertility in a Sub-Saharan Context

T2 - Dynamic and Lifetime Perspectives

AU - Agadjanian, Victor

AU - Yabiku, Scott Thomas

PY - 2014/10/1

Y1 - 2014/10/1

N2 - We use uniquely detailed data from a predominantly Christian high-fertility area in Mozambique to examine denominational differentials in fertility from two complementary perspectives—dynamic and cumulative. First, we use event-history analysis to predict yearly risks of birth from denominational affiliation. Then, we employ Poisson regression to model the association between the number of children ever born and share of reproductive life spent in particular denominations or outside organized religion. Both approaches detect a significant increase in fertility associated with membership in a particular type of African-initiated churches which is characterized by strong organizational identity, rigid hierarchy, and insular corporate culture. Membership in the Catholic Church is also associated with elevated completed fertility. We relate these results to extant theoretical perspectives on the relationship between religion and fertility by stressing the interplay between ideological, social, and organizational characteristics of different types of churches and situate our findings within the context of fertility transition and religious demographics in Mozambique and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa.

AB - We use uniquely detailed data from a predominantly Christian high-fertility area in Mozambique to examine denominational differentials in fertility from two complementary perspectives—dynamic and cumulative. First, we use event-history analysis to predict yearly risks of birth from denominational affiliation. Then, we employ Poisson regression to model the association between the number of children ever born and share of reproductive life spent in particular denominations or outside organized religion. Both approaches detect a significant increase in fertility associated with membership in a particular type of African-initiated churches which is characterized by strong organizational identity, rigid hierarchy, and insular corporate culture. Membership in the Catholic Church is also associated with elevated completed fertility. We relate these results to extant theoretical perspectives on the relationship between religion and fertility by stressing the interplay between ideological, social, and organizational characteristics of different types of churches and situate our findings within the context of fertility transition and religious demographics in Mozambique and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84957428348&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84957428348&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11113-013-9317-2

DO - 10.1007/s11113-013-9317-2

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 673

EP - 691

JO - Population Research and Policy Review

JF - Population Research and Policy Review

SN - 0167-5923

IS - 5

ER -