Removal of perchlorate by synthetic organosilicas and organoclay: Kinetics and isotherm studies

Moaaz K. Seliem, S. Komarneni, T. Byrne, F. S. Cannon, M. G. Shahien, A. A. Khalil, I. M. Abd El-Gaid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, octadecyltrimethylammonium (ODTMA) chloride was used to prepare MCM-41 at room temperature while MCM-48 and a mesoporous layered organosilica (MCM-50) were synthesized under hydrothermal conditions using cetyltrimethylammonium (CTMA) bromide. These synthetic organosilicas in addition to a commercially available organoclay, Cloisite® 10A were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and tested with the occluded surfactant as adsorbents for perchlorate. Adsorption data were modeled using the Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms. Adsorption kinetics data were tested using pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order and intraparticle (in pores of MCM-41 and MCM-48 or interlayers in the case of layered silica and organoclay, Cloisite®) diffusion models. The results showed that the highest perchlorate uptake capacities were achieved with MCM-48 silica (0.421±0.007meq/g) followed by mesoporous layered organosilica (0.400±0.006meq/g). Cloisite® 10A and MCM-41 silica adsorbed 0.280±0.003 and 0.246±0.003meq/g of perchlorate, respectively. Kinetics studies showed that the adsorption followed pseudo-second-order kinetics model. The good fit of the experimental data and the values of correlation coefficients (R2) indicated the applicability of Langmuir model to perchlorate adsorption in the present study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-26
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Clay Science
Volume71
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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