Five patients requiring dialysis for acute pulmonary edema and uremia from severe renal artery occlusive disease underwent surgical revascularization. Three patients with oliguria had excellent outcomes and remain dialysis-independent as long as twenty-four months following operation (mean serum creatinine 2.0 mg/dl). The two patients who were anuric both had technically successful operations but remained dialysis-dependent. Diagnostic evaluation of the azotemic patient suspected to have renal arterial occlusive disease should include a history and physical examination, urinalysis, renal ultrasound, and duplex scan of the renal arteries. In appropriate patients, arteriography should then be considered if other diagnoses appear unlikely. This algorithm may help identify those patients who might benefit from renal revascularization. It appears that oliguria rather than anuria and the angiographic demonstration of a patent distal vessel and nephrogram suggest a better functional outcome after revascularization. Unfortunately, the response to surgery cannot be reliably predicted and patient selection remains a challenge, but retrieval of renal function can be achieved in some cases even if patients are already being hemodialyzed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1995|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine