Owing to the supposed risks of reoperation, carotid stenting has been proposed as a treatment for carotid restenosis. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of carotid reoperation. From March 1988 to March 1997, 40 patients, 18 men and 22 women (mean age: 65 years) underwent a total of 43 redo carotid procedures by our group. Two patients had both sides repaired and one required a second reoperation. Symptomatic recurrent carotid stenosis (=70%) was the indication in 25 reoperations and asymptomatic high-grade stenosis (=80%) was the indication in 18. The initial operation in 35 reoperations was carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with primary closure and in eight it was CEA with a prosthetic patch. The interval to recurrence was less in the 24 reoperations in patients who had myointimal hyperplasia (21 months) compared with 17 reoperations in patients with recurrent atherosclerosis (90 months). The other two reoperations were for an intimal flap 2 months after the original CEA, and for operative dilation of fibromuscular dysplastic bands missed on magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), distal to the site of a previous CEA. The technique of reoperation included redo CEA in two, CEA with vein patch in eight, CEA with prosthetic patch in 22, vein interposition graft in five, and prosthetic interposition graft in five. In addition, operative dilation with an arterial dilator was used in one reoperation. No perioperative strokes or deaths occurred other than one patient who died from cardiac complications following combined CEA and coronary artery bypass grafting. Operative morbidity consisted of pneumonia in one patient, reversible cranial nerve injury in four, and hematoma requiring evacuation in two. During follow-up (mean: 34 months), carotid occlusion resulted in a mild stroke in one patient, there were 10 late deaths not related to carotid disease, one patient required a reoperation, and three patients were lost to follow-up. The authors conclude that reoperation for recurrent carotid stenosis, using standard vascular techniques, is both safe and effective; it should continue to be the mainstay of treatment when intervention is required.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine