Reorientation of the diagonal double-stripe spin structure at Fe1+y Te bulk and thin-film surfaces

Torben Hänke, Udai Raj Singh, Lasse Cornils, Sujit Manna, Anand Kamlapure, Martin Bremholm, Ellen Marie Jensen Hedegaard, Bo Brummerstedt Iversen, Philip Hofmann, Jin Hu, Zhiqiang Mao, Jens Wiebe, Roland Wiesendanger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Establishing the relation between ubiquitous antiferromagnetism in the parent compounds of unconventional superconductors and their superconducting phase is important for understanding the complex physics in these materials. Going from bulk systems to thin films additionally affects their phase diagram. For Fe1+y Te, the parent compound of Fe1+y Se1-x Tex superconductors, bulk-sensitive neutron diffraction revealed an in-plane oriented diagonal double-stripe antiferromagnetic spin structure. Here we show by spin-resolved scanning tunnelling microscopy that the spin direction at the surfaces of bulk Fe1+y Te and thin films grown on the topological insulator Bi2Te3 is canted out of the high-symmetry directions of the surface unit cell resulting in a perpendicular spin component, keeping the diagonal double-stripe order. As the magnetism of the Fe d-orbitals is intertwined with the superconducting pairing in Fe-based materials, our results imply that the superconducting properties at the surface of the related superconducting compounds might be different from the bulk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number13939
JournalNature communications
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 6 2017

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retraining
Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy
Neutron Diffraction
Thin films
Superconducting materials
Surface Properties
Physics
thin films
Antiferromagnetism
Magnetism
Scanning tunneling microscopy
Neutron diffraction
Phase diagrams
antiferromagnetism
neutron diffraction
scanning tunneling microscopy
phase diagrams
insulators
orbitals
physics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Hänke, T., Singh, U. R., Cornils, L., Manna, S., Kamlapure, A., Bremholm, M., ... Wiesendanger, R. (2017). Reorientation of the diagonal double-stripe spin structure at Fe1+y Te bulk and thin-film surfaces. Nature communications, 8, [13939]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms13939
Hänke, Torben ; Singh, Udai Raj ; Cornils, Lasse ; Manna, Sujit ; Kamlapure, Anand ; Bremholm, Martin ; Hedegaard, Ellen Marie Jensen ; Iversen, Bo Brummerstedt ; Hofmann, Philip ; Hu, Jin ; Mao, Zhiqiang ; Wiebe, Jens ; Wiesendanger, Roland. / Reorientation of the diagonal double-stripe spin structure at Fe1+y Te bulk and thin-film surfaces. In: Nature communications. 2017 ; Vol. 8.
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Hänke, T, Singh, UR, Cornils, L, Manna, S, Kamlapure, A, Bremholm, M, Hedegaard, EMJ, Iversen, BB, Hofmann, P, Hu, J, Mao, Z, Wiebe, J & Wiesendanger, R 2017, 'Reorientation of the diagonal double-stripe spin structure at Fe1+y Te bulk and thin-film surfaces', Nature communications, vol. 8, 13939. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms13939

Reorientation of the diagonal double-stripe spin structure at Fe1+y Te bulk and thin-film surfaces. / Hänke, Torben; Singh, Udai Raj; Cornils, Lasse; Manna, Sujit; Kamlapure, Anand; Bremholm, Martin; Hedegaard, Ellen Marie Jensen; Iversen, Bo Brummerstedt; Hofmann, Philip; Hu, Jin; Mao, Zhiqiang; Wiebe, Jens; Wiesendanger, Roland.

In: Nature communications, Vol. 8, 13939, 06.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Hänke, Torben

AU - Singh, Udai Raj

AU - Cornils, Lasse

AU - Manna, Sujit

AU - Kamlapure, Anand

AU - Bremholm, Martin

AU - Hedegaard, Ellen Marie Jensen

AU - Iversen, Bo Brummerstedt

AU - Hofmann, Philip

AU - Hu, Jin

AU - Mao, Zhiqiang

AU - Wiebe, Jens

AU - Wiesendanger, Roland

PY - 2017/1/6

Y1 - 2017/1/6

N2 - Establishing the relation between ubiquitous antiferromagnetism in the parent compounds of unconventional superconductors and their superconducting phase is important for understanding the complex physics in these materials. Going from bulk systems to thin films additionally affects their phase diagram. For Fe1+y Te, the parent compound of Fe1+y Se1-x Tex superconductors, bulk-sensitive neutron diffraction revealed an in-plane oriented diagonal double-stripe antiferromagnetic spin structure. Here we show by spin-resolved scanning tunnelling microscopy that the spin direction at the surfaces of bulk Fe1+y Te and thin films grown on the topological insulator Bi2Te3 is canted out of the high-symmetry directions of the surface unit cell resulting in a perpendicular spin component, keeping the diagonal double-stripe order. As the magnetism of the Fe d-orbitals is intertwined with the superconducting pairing in Fe-based materials, our results imply that the superconducting properties at the surface of the related superconducting compounds might be different from the bulk.

AB - Establishing the relation between ubiquitous antiferromagnetism in the parent compounds of unconventional superconductors and their superconducting phase is important for understanding the complex physics in these materials. Going from bulk systems to thin films additionally affects their phase diagram. For Fe1+y Te, the parent compound of Fe1+y Se1-x Tex superconductors, bulk-sensitive neutron diffraction revealed an in-plane oriented diagonal double-stripe antiferromagnetic spin structure. Here we show by spin-resolved scanning tunnelling microscopy that the spin direction at the surfaces of bulk Fe1+y Te and thin films grown on the topological insulator Bi2Te3 is canted out of the high-symmetry directions of the surface unit cell resulting in a perpendicular spin component, keeping the diagonal double-stripe order. As the magnetism of the Fe d-orbitals is intertwined with the superconducting pairing in Fe-based materials, our results imply that the superconducting properties at the surface of the related superconducting compounds might be different from the bulk.

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