Repeated, delayed torque variations following X-ray flux enhancements in the magnetar 1E 1048.1-5937

R. F. Archibald, V. M. Kaspi, C. Y. Ng, P. Scholz, A. P. Beardmore, N. Gehrels, J. A. Kennea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on two years of flux and spin evolution monitoring of 1E 1048.1-5937, a 6.5 s X-ray pulsar identified as a magnetar. Using Swift X-Ray Telescope data, we observed an X-ray outburst consisting of an increase in the persistent 1-10 keV flux by a factor of 6.3 ± 0.2, beginning on 2011 December 31 (MJD 55926). Following a delay of 100 days, the magnetar entered a period of large torque variability, with reaching a factor of 4.55 ± 0.05 times the nominal value, before decaying in an oscillatory manner over a timescale of months. We show by comparing to previous outbursts from the source that this pattern of behavior may repeat itself with a quasi-period of 1800 days. We compare this phenomenology to periodic torque variations in radio pulsars, finding some similarities that suggest a magnetospheric origin for the behavior of 1E 1048.1-5937.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number33
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume800
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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