Replication of lung cancer susceptibility loci at chromosomes 15q25, 5p15, and 6p21: A pooled analysis from the international lung cancer consortium

Therese Truong, Rayjean J. Hung, Christopher I. Amos, Xifeng Wu, Heike Bickeböller, Albert Rosenberger, Wiebke Sauter, Thomas Illig, H. Erich Wichmann, Angela Risch, Hendrik Dienemann, Rudolph Kaaks, Ping Yang, Ruoxiang Jiang, John K. Wiencke, Margaret Wrensch, Helen Hansen, Karl T. Kelsey, Keitaro Matsuo, Kazuo TajimaAnn G. Schwartz, Angie Wenzlaff, Adeline Seow, Chen Ying, Andrea Staratschek-Jox, Peter Nürnberg, Erich Stoelben, Jürgen Wolf, Philip Lazarus, Joshua E. Muscat, Carla J. Gallagher, Shanbeh Zienolddiny, Aage Haugen, Henricus F.M. Van Der Heijden, Lambertus A. Kiemeney, Dolores Isla, Jose Ignacio Mayordomo, Thorunn Rafnar, Kari Stefansson, Zuo Feng Zhang, Shen Chih Chang, Jin Hee Kim, Yun Chul Hong, Eric J. Duell, Angeline S. Andrew, Flavio Lejbkowicz, Gad Rennert, Heiko Müller, Hermann Brenner, Loïc Le Marchand, Simone Benhamou, Christine Bouchardy, M. Dawn Teare, Xiaoyan Xue, John McLaughlin, Geoffrey Liu, James D. McKay, Paul Brennan, Margaret R. Spitz

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Abstract

Background Genome-wide association studies have identified three chromosomal regions at 15q25, 5p15, and 6p21 as being associated with the risk of lung cancer. To confirm these associations in independent studies and investigate heterogeneity of these associations within specific subgroups, we conducted a coordinated genotyping study within the International Lung Cancer Consortium based on independent studies that were not included in previous genome-wide association studies. Methods Genotype data for single-nucleotide polymorphisms at chromosomes 15q25 (rs16969968, rs8034191), 5p15 (rs2736100, rs402710), and 6p21 (rs2256543, rs4324798) from 21 case-control studies for 11645 lung cancer case patients and 14954 control subjects, of whom 85% were white and 15% were Asian, were pooled. Associations between the variants and the risk of lung cancer were estimated by logistic regression models. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results Associations between 15q25 and the risk of lung cancer were replicated in white ever-smokers (rs16969968: odds ratio [OR] = 1.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.21 to 1.32, Ptrend = 2 × 10-26), and this association was stronger for those diagnosed at younger ages. There was no association in never-smokers or in Asians between either of the 15q25 variants and the risk of lung cancer. For the chromosome 5p15 region, we confirmed statistically significant associations in whites for both rs2736100 (OR = 1.15, 95% CI = 1.10 to 1.20, Ptrend = 1 × 10 -10) and rs402710 (OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 1.09 to 1.19, Ptrend = 5 × 10-8) and identified similar associations in Asians (rs2736100: OR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.12 to 1.35, Ptrend = 2 × 10 -5; rs402710: OR = 1.15, 95% CI = 1.04 to 1.27, Ptrend =. 007). The associations between the 5p15 variants and lung cancer differed by histology; odds ratios for rs2736100 were highest in adenocarcinoma and for rs402710 were highest in adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinomas. This pattern was observed in both ethnic groups. Neither of the two variants on chromosome 6p21 was associated with the risk of lung cancer. Conclusion sIn this international genetic association study of lung cancer, previous associations found in white populations were replicated and new associations were identified in Asian populations. Future genetic studies of lung cancer should include detailed stratification by histology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)959-971
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Volume102
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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