Research questions to facilitate the future development of European long-term ecosystem research infrastructures: A horizon scanning exercise

Martin Musche, Mihai Adamescu, Per Angelstam, Sven Bacher, Jaana Bäck, Heather L. Buss, Christopher Duffy, Giovanna Flaim, Jerome Gaillardet, George V. Giannakis, Peter Haase, Luboš Halada, W. Daniel Kissling, Lars Lundin, Giorgio Matteucci, Henning Meesenburg, Don Monteith, Nikolaos P. Nikolaidis, Tanja Pipan, Petr PyšekEd C. Rowe, David B. Roy, Andrew Sier, Ulrike Tappeiner, Montserrat Vilà, Tim White, Martin Zobel, Stefan Klotz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Distributed environmental research infrastructures are important to support assessments of the effects of global change on landscapes, ecosystems and society. These infrastructures need to provide continuity to address long-term change, yet be flexible enough to respond to rapid societal and technological developments that modify research priorities. We used a horizon scanning exercise to identify and prioritize emerging research questions for the future development of ecosystem and socio-ecological research infrastructures in Europe. Twenty research questions covered topics related to (i) ecosystem structures and processes, (ii) the impacts of anthropogenic drivers on ecosystems, (iii) ecosystem services and socio-ecological systems and (iv), methods and research infrastructures. Several key priorities for the development of research infrastructures emerged. Addressing complex environmental issues requires the adoption of a whole-system approach, achieved through integration of biotic, abiotic and socio-economic measurements. Interoperability among different research infrastructures needs to be improved by developing standard measurements, harmonizing methods, and establishing capacities and tools for data integration, processing, storage and analysis. Future research infrastructures should support a range of methodological approaches including observation, experiments and modelling. They should also have flexibility to respond to new requirements, for example by adjusting the spatio-temporal design of measurements. When new methods are introduced, compatibility with important long-term data series must be ensured. Finally, indicators, tools, and transdisciplinary approaches to identify, quantify and value ecosystem services across spatial scales and domains need to be advanced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number109479
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume250
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2019

Fingerprint

Ecosystems
infrastructure
Scanning
ecosystem service
ecosystem
ecosystem structure
ecosystem research
Data integration
environmental research
technological development
measurement method
long-term change
Interoperability
environmental issue
global change
Economics
Processing
modeling
experiment
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Musche, Martin ; Adamescu, Mihai ; Angelstam, Per ; Bacher, Sven ; Bäck, Jaana ; Buss, Heather L. ; Duffy, Christopher ; Flaim, Giovanna ; Gaillardet, Jerome ; Giannakis, George V. ; Haase, Peter ; Halada, Luboš ; Kissling, W. Daniel ; Lundin, Lars ; Matteucci, Giorgio ; Meesenburg, Henning ; Monteith, Don ; Nikolaidis, Nikolaos P. ; Pipan, Tanja ; Pyšek, Petr ; Rowe, Ed C. ; Roy, David B. ; Sier, Andrew ; Tappeiner, Ulrike ; Vilà, Montserrat ; White, Tim ; Zobel, Martin ; Klotz, Stefan. / Research questions to facilitate the future development of European long-term ecosystem research infrastructures : A horizon scanning exercise. In: Journal of Environmental Management. 2019 ; Vol. 250.
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abstract = "Distributed environmental research infrastructures are important to support assessments of the effects of global change on landscapes, ecosystems and society. These infrastructures need to provide continuity to address long-term change, yet be flexible enough to respond to rapid societal and technological developments that modify research priorities. We used a horizon scanning exercise to identify and prioritize emerging research questions for the future development of ecosystem and socio-ecological research infrastructures in Europe. Twenty research questions covered topics related to (i) ecosystem structures and processes, (ii) the impacts of anthropogenic drivers on ecosystems, (iii) ecosystem services and socio-ecological systems and (iv), methods and research infrastructures. Several key priorities for the development of research infrastructures emerged. Addressing complex environmental issues requires the adoption of a whole-system approach, achieved through integration of biotic, abiotic and socio-economic measurements. Interoperability among different research infrastructures needs to be improved by developing standard measurements, harmonizing methods, and establishing capacities and tools for data integration, processing, storage and analysis. Future research infrastructures should support a range of methodological approaches including observation, experiments and modelling. They should also have flexibility to respond to new requirements, for example by adjusting the spatio-temporal design of measurements. When new methods are introduced, compatibility with important long-term data series must be ensured. Finally, indicators, tools, and transdisciplinary approaches to identify, quantify and value ecosystem services across spatial scales and domains need to be advanced.",
author = "Martin Musche and Mihai Adamescu and Per Angelstam and Sven Bacher and Jaana B{\"a}ck and Buss, {Heather L.} and Christopher Duffy and Giovanna Flaim and Jerome Gaillardet and Giannakis, {George V.} and Peter Haase and Luboš Halada and Kissling, {W. Daniel} and Lars Lundin and Giorgio Matteucci and Henning Meesenburg and Don Monteith and Nikolaidis, {Nikolaos P.} and Tanja Pipan and Petr Pyšek and Rowe, {Ed C.} and Roy, {David B.} and Andrew Sier and Ulrike Tappeiner and Montserrat Vil{\`a} and Tim White and Martin Zobel and Stefan Klotz",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
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Musche, M, Adamescu, M, Angelstam, P, Bacher, S, Bäck, J, Buss, HL, Duffy, C, Flaim, G, Gaillardet, J, Giannakis, GV, Haase, P, Halada, L, Kissling, WD, Lundin, L, Matteucci, G, Meesenburg, H, Monteith, D, Nikolaidis, NP, Pipan, T, Pyšek, P, Rowe, EC, Roy, DB, Sier, A, Tappeiner, U, Vilà, M, White, T, Zobel, M & Klotz, S 2019, 'Research questions to facilitate the future development of European long-term ecosystem research infrastructures: A horizon scanning exercise', Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 250, 109479. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109479

Research questions to facilitate the future development of European long-term ecosystem research infrastructures : A horizon scanning exercise. / Musche, Martin; Adamescu, Mihai; Angelstam, Per; Bacher, Sven; Bäck, Jaana; Buss, Heather L.; Duffy, Christopher; Flaim, Giovanna; Gaillardet, Jerome; Giannakis, George V.; Haase, Peter; Halada, Luboš; Kissling, W. Daniel; Lundin, Lars; Matteucci, Giorgio; Meesenburg, Henning; Monteith, Don; Nikolaidis, Nikolaos P.; Pipan, Tanja; Pyšek, Petr; Rowe, Ed C.; Roy, David B.; Sier, Andrew; Tappeiner, Ulrike; Vilà, Montserrat; White, Tim; Zobel, Martin; Klotz, Stefan.

In: Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 250, 109479, 15.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Research questions to facilitate the future development of European long-term ecosystem research infrastructures

T2 - A horizon scanning exercise

AU - Musche, Martin

AU - Adamescu, Mihai

AU - Angelstam, Per

AU - Bacher, Sven

AU - Bäck, Jaana

AU - Buss, Heather L.

AU - Duffy, Christopher

AU - Flaim, Giovanna

AU - Gaillardet, Jerome

AU - Giannakis, George V.

AU - Haase, Peter

AU - Halada, Luboš

AU - Kissling, W. Daniel

AU - Lundin, Lars

AU - Matteucci, Giorgio

AU - Meesenburg, Henning

AU - Monteith, Don

AU - Nikolaidis, Nikolaos P.

AU - Pipan, Tanja

AU - Pyšek, Petr

AU - Rowe, Ed C.

AU - Roy, David B.

AU - Sier, Andrew

AU - Tappeiner, Ulrike

AU - Vilà, Montserrat

AU - White, Tim

AU - Zobel, Martin

AU - Klotz, Stefan

PY - 2019/11/15

Y1 - 2019/11/15

N2 - Distributed environmental research infrastructures are important to support assessments of the effects of global change on landscapes, ecosystems and society. These infrastructures need to provide continuity to address long-term change, yet be flexible enough to respond to rapid societal and technological developments that modify research priorities. We used a horizon scanning exercise to identify and prioritize emerging research questions for the future development of ecosystem and socio-ecological research infrastructures in Europe. Twenty research questions covered topics related to (i) ecosystem structures and processes, (ii) the impacts of anthropogenic drivers on ecosystems, (iii) ecosystem services and socio-ecological systems and (iv), methods and research infrastructures. Several key priorities for the development of research infrastructures emerged. Addressing complex environmental issues requires the adoption of a whole-system approach, achieved through integration of biotic, abiotic and socio-economic measurements. Interoperability among different research infrastructures needs to be improved by developing standard measurements, harmonizing methods, and establishing capacities and tools for data integration, processing, storage and analysis. Future research infrastructures should support a range of methodological approaches including observation, experiments and modelling. They should also have flexibility to respond to new requirements, for example by adjusting the spatio-temporal design of measurements. When new methods are introduced, compatibility with important long-term data series must be ensured. Finally, indicators, tools, and transdisciplinary approaches to identify, quantify and value ecosystem services across spatial scales and domains need to be advanced.

AB - Distributed environmental research infrastructures are important to support assessments of the effects of global change on landscapes, ecosystems and society. These infrastructures need to provide continuity to address long-term change, yet be flexible enough to respond to rapid societal and technological developments that modify research priorities. We used a horizon scanning exercise to identify and prioritize emerging research questions for the future development of ecosystem and socio-ecological research infrastructures in Europe. Twenty research questions covered topics related to (i) ecosystem structures and processes, (ii) the impacts of anthropogenic drivers on ecosystems, (iii) ecosystem services and socio-ecological systems and (iv), methods and research infrastructures. Several key priorities for the development of research infrastructures emerged. Addressing complex environmental issues requires the adoption of a whole-system approach, achieved through integration of biotic, abiotic and socio-economic measurements. Interoperability among different research infrastructures needs to be improved by developing standard measurements, harmonizing methods, and establishing capacities and tools for data integration, processing, storage and analysis. Future research infrastructures should support a range of methodological approaches including observation, experiments and modelling. They should also have flexibility to respond to new requirements, for example by adjusting the spatio-temporal design of measurements. When new methods are introduced, compatibility with important long-term data series must be ensured. Finally, indicators, tools, and transdisciplinary approaches to identify, quantify and value ecosystem services across spatial scales and domains need to be advanced.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109479

DO - 10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109479

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JO - Journal of Environmental Management

JF - Journal of Environmental Management

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