Residential characteristics and household risk factors and respiratory diseases in Chinese women: The Seven Northeast Cities (SNEC) Study

Guang Hui Dong, Zhengmin Qian, Jing Wang, Edwin Trevathan, Wenjun Ma, Weiqing Chen, Pamela K. Xaverius, Skye Buckner-Petty, Asheesh Ray, Miao Miao Liu, Da Wang, Wan Hui Ren, Brett Emo, Jen Jen Chang

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Abstract

Background: Few studies have assessed the impact of residential home characteristics and home environmental risk factors on respiratory diseases in Chinese women. Therefore, this study sought to determine the association between residential home features, domestic pets, home renovation and other indoor environmental risk factors with respiratory health outcomes of Chinese women. Methods: This cross-sectional study included a study sample of 30,780 Chinese women aged 23 to 49 from 25 districts of seven cities in Liaoning Province, Northeast China. Information on respiratory health, residential characteristics, and indoor air pollution sources was obtained by a standard questionnaire from the American Thoracic Society. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate prevalence odds ratios (POR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI). Results: The odds of respiratory diseases were higher for those who lived near the main road, or near ambient air pollution sources. Pet-keeping was associated with increased odds of chronic bronchitis (POR. = 1.40; 95%CI: 1.09-1.81) and doctor-diagnosed asthma (POR. = 2.07; 95%CI: 1.18-3.64). Additionally, humidifier use was associated with increased odds of chronic bronchitis (POR. = 1.44; 95%CI: 1.07-1.94). Home renovation in recent 2. years was associated with increased likelihood of allergic rhinitis (POR. = 1.39; 95%CI 1.17-1.64). Conclusion: Home renovation and residential home environmental risk factors were associated with an increased likelihood of respiratory morbidity among Chinese women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-394
Number of pages6
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume463-464
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2013

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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