Resistance-modifying agents. 8. Inhibition of O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase by O6-alkenyl-, O6-cycloalkenyl-, and O6-(2-oxoalkyl)guanines and potentiation of temozolomide cytotoxicity in vitro by O6-(1-cyclopentenylmethyl) guanine

R. J. Griffin, C. E. Arris, C. Bleasdale, F. T. Boyle, A. H. Calvert, N. J. Curtin, C. Dalby, S. Kanugula, N. K. Lembicz, D. R. Newell, A. E. Pegg, B. T. Golding

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Abstract

A series of O6-allyl- and O6-(2-oxoalkyl)guanines were synthesized and evaluated, in comparison with the corresponding O6-alkylguanines; as potential inhibitors of the DNA-repair protein O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT). Simple O6-alkyl- and O6-cycloalkylguanines were weak AGT inactivators compared with O6-allylguanine (IC50 = 8.5 ± 0.6 μM)with IC50 values ranging from 100 to 1000 μM. The introduction of substituents at C-2 of the allyl group of O6-allylguanine reduced activity compared with the parent compound, while analogous compounds in the O6-(2-oxoalkyl)guanine series exhibited very poor activity (150-1000 μM). O6-Cycloalkenylguanines proved to be excellent AGT inactivators, with 1-cyclobutenylmethylguanine (IC50 = 0.55 ± 0.02 μM) and 1-cyclopentenylmethylguanine(IC50 = 0.39 ± 0.04 μM) exhibiting potency approaching that of the benchmark AGT inhibitor O6-benzylguanine (IC50 = 0.18 ± 0.02 μM). 1-Cyclopentenylmethylguanine also inactivated AGT in intact HT29 human colorectal carcinoma cells (IC50 = 0.20 ± 0.07 μM) and potentiated the cytotoxicity of the monomethylating antitumor agent Temozolomide by approximately 3- and 10-fold, respectively, in the HT29 and Colo205 tumor cell lines. The observation that four mutant AGT enzymes resistant to O6-benzylguanine also proved strongly cross-resistant to 1-cyclopentenylmethylguanine indicates that the O6-substituent of each compound makes similar binding interactions within the active site of AGT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4071-4083
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume43
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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