A 3-wk feeding trial using 920 day-old turkey poults was conducted to evaluate the addition of seven levels of phytase (Natuphos; 0, 200, 400, 600, 800, 1,000, and 1,200 U/kg of diet) to diets containing three levels of nonphytate P (nP) (.27, .36, and .45%). A positive control diet contained .60% nP. Semi-purified basal diets contained soybean meal as the only protein source. The increase in BW gain from added phytase was greatest for the lowest nP diet (nP by phytase interaction, P < .001). At .27% nP, gains improved (P < .001) to 800 U of phytase/kg of diet and then reached a plateau. At .36 and .45% nP, increases in gains were observed only for 200 U of phytase/kg of diet. The highest phytase addition to.36 and .45% nP diets produced gains equal to those of the positive control diet. Feed intake increases paralleled those of BW gains. Gain:feed was lowest for the .27% nP diets without phytase, but improved (P < .001) to 800 U of phytase/kg of diet and then reached a plateau. The high incidence of leg disorders and high mortality (40%) observed for the poults fed the .27% nP diet without added phytase declined with the addition of 200 to 400 U of phytase/kg of diet. Ash percentage of toes and tibias increased as the levels of nP (P < .001) and phytase (P < .01) increased; the magnitude of the response to phytase decreased as nP in the diet increased, resulting in an nP by phytase interaction (P < .001). Tibial shear force and stress responded in a similar manner to increasing levels of nP and added phytase. Results show that 652 U of microbial phytase is equivalent to 1 g of P from defluorinated phosphate in turkey starter diets using soybean meal as the only source of phytate P. The response per 100 U of phytase decreased as the total amount of phytase added was increased.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Animal Science and Zoology