Microbial division rates determine the speed of mutation accumulation and thus the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. Microbial death rates are affected by antibiotic action and the immune system. Therefore, measuring these rates has advanced our understanding of host-pathogen interactions and antibiotic action. Several methods based on marker-loss or few inheritable neutral markers exist that allow estimating microbial division and death rates, each of which has advantages and limitations. Technical bottlenecks, i.e., experimental sampling events, during the experiment can distort the rate estimates and are typically unaccounted for or require additional calibration experiments. In this work, we introduce RESTAMP (Rate Estimates by Sequence Tag Analysis of Microbial Populations) as a method for determining bacterial division and death rates. This method uses hundreds of fitness neutral sequence barcodes to measure the rates and account for experimental bottlenecks at the same time. We experimentally validate RESTAMP and compare it to established plasmid loss methods. We find that RESTAMP has a number of advantages over plasmid loss or previous marker based techniques. (i) It enables to correct the distortion of rate estimates by technical bottlenecks. (ii) Rate estimates are independent of the sequence tag distribution in the starting culture allowing the use of an arbitrary number of tags. (iii) It introduces a bottleneck sensitivity measure that can be used to maximize the accuracy of the experiment. RESTAMP allows studying microbial population dynamics with great resolution over a wide dynamic range and can thus advance our understanding of host-pathogen interactions or the mechanisms of antibiotic action.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal|
|State||Published - Jan 2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Computer Science Applications