Objectives: Recurrent stenosis after carotid endarterectomy (CEA), previously reported to occur in 1%/year after operation, is the finite limitation of CEA. Eversion endarterectomy has a perceived lower incidence of recurrent stenosis, although data to support this contention are conflicting. The goal of the present study was to compare the late anatomic results of patch closure (PC) vs eversion CEA. Methods: Between January 1, 1995 and June 30, 2005, 950 CEA were performed by the senior author with adoption of eversion (EV) as the primary technique as of January 1, 2001. With minimum of 1-year follow-up by study inclusion criteria, complete follow-up data (including a duplex scan) was available for 155 PC and 135 EV patients. Incidence of moderate (50% to 70%) and severe (>70%) restenosis was examined at ≤2 months and >1 year after operation. Study end-points included late stroke, survival, and freedom from restenosis (moderate and severe) and were assessed by actuarial methods. Results: There were no differences in relevant demographic/clinical parameters, indication for surgery (69% overall asymptomatic) or early perioperative stroke/death (1.1% overall; P = .25) between PC and EV. After correction for different mean follow-up intervals (PC = 5.5 years vs EV = 3.5 years) by actuarial methods, there was no significant difference in late moderate (P = .91) or severe (P = .54) recurrent stenosis between PC and EV. In the group of patients with at least 1-year follow-up, 11/290 (3.8%) patients (4/135 EV, 7/155 PC; P = .39) required reintervention on their operated carotid artery at a cumulative follow-up interval of 4.5 years. Three strokes (3/290; 1.1%) occurred during late follow-up, all in the PC group, with only one related to the operated carotid artery. Late survival was similar between EV and PC, (P = .86). Female gender (odds ratio [OR] 3.72[1.02-13.5], P = .046) was associated with severe restenosis irrespective of surgical technique. Univariate analysis also showed that female gender (OR 7.6[CI: 0.88-66.7], P = .042) was associated with late stroke. Conclusion: These findings indicate that restenosis rates are similar between eversion and patch CEA and likely represent biological remodeling phenomenon rather than technical variations of operations. While EV offers distinct advantages in certain anatomic circumstances, adoption of EV with the hope of decreasing restenosis is not warranted.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine