The objectives of this study were (1) to examine differences in resting metabolic rate (RMR) and cardiovascular risk factors among aerobically trained (n = 36), resistance-trained (n = 18), and untrained (n = 42) young males; and (2) to investigate the influence of body composition, dietary intake, and Vo2max as possible modulators of differences in cardiovascular risk among groups. Results showed that RMR, adjusted for differences in fat-free weight (FFW), was 5% higher in aerobically trained males compared with resistance-trained males (P < .01), and 10% higher than that in untrained males (P < .01). Plasma levels of cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were comparable between resistance-trained and aerobically trained males, but were lower (P < .05) than those in untrained males. (The percent intake of dietary fat was related to plasma cholesterol [r = .32, P < .01] and LDL-C [r = .30, P < .01].) When compared with untrained males, fasting triglyceride (TG) levels were 39% and 43% lower (P < .01) in resistance-trained and aerobically trained males, respectively. When compared with untrained males, the fasting insulin to glucose ratio ( I G) was 45% and 53% lower (P < .01) in resistance- and aerobically trained males, respectively. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was 7% lower (P < .01) in aerobically trained compared with untrained males. Statistical control for differences in percent body fat or percent intake of dietary fat diminished the differences among the groups for plasma lipids, blood pressure, and the I G ratio. We conclude that aerobically trained and resistance-trained males have higher resting energy requirements independent of FFW compared with untrained males. Aerobically trained and resistance-trained young males have comparable and favorable cardiovascular disease risk profiles compared with untrained males, and this appears to be related to their low level of adiposity and low intake of dietary fat.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism