Results from the Ice-Sheet Model Intercomparison Project-Heinrich Event INtercOmparison (ISMIP HEINO)

Reinhard Calov, Ralf Greve, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Ed Bueler, Philippe Huybrechts, Jesse V. Johnson, Frank Pattyn, David Pollard, Catherine Ritz, Fuyuki Saito, Lev Tarasov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Results from the Heinrich Event INtercOmparison (HEINO) topic of the Ice-Sheet Model Intercomparison Project (ISMIP) are presented. ISMIP HEINO was designed to explore internal largescale ice-sheet instabilities in different contemporary ice-sheet models. These instabilities are of interest because they are a possible cause of Heinrich events. A simplified geometry experiment reproduces the main characteristics of the Laurentide ice sheet, including the sedimented region over Hudson Bay and Hudson Strait. The model experiments include a standard run plus seven variations. Nine dynamic/thermodynamic ice-sheet models were investigated; one of these models contains a combination of the shallow-shelf (SSA) and shallow-ice approximation (SIA), while the remaining eight models are of SIA type only. Seven models, including the SIA-SSA model, exhibit oscillatory surges with a period of ∼1000 years for a broad range of parameters, while two models remain in a permanent state of streaming for most parameter settings. In a number of models, the oscillations disappear for high surface temperatures, strong snowfall and small sediment sliding parameters. In turn, low surface temperatures and low snowfall are favourable for the ice-surge cycles. We conclude that further improvement of ice-sheet models is crucial for adequate, robust simulations of cyclic large-scale instabilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-383
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Glaciology
Volume56
Issue number197
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth-Surface Processes

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