Results of tests and simulations for the top counting detector and bottom counting detector of the ISS-CREAM experiment

J. M. Park, T. Anderson, D. Angelaszek, J. B. Bae, S. J. Baek, J. Baylon, M. Copley, S. Coutu, M. Gupta, J. H. Han, H. G. Huh, Y. S. Hwang, H. J. Hyun, I. S. Jeong, D. H. Kah, K. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, K. C. Kim, K. Kwashnak, J. LeeM. H. Lee, J. T. Link, L. Lutz, A. Malinin, A. Menchaca-Rocha, J. W. Mitchell, S. Nutter, O. Ofoha, H. Park, I. H. Park, P. Patterson, E. S. Seo, J. Wu, Y. S. Yoon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The cosmic-ray elemental spectrum is important to understand the generation and acceleration mechanism of high-energy cosmic rays. The Cosmic Rays Energetics And Mass (CREAM) experiment on the International Space Station (ISS) plans to measure nuclear and electron energy spectra precisely. The separation of electrons from protons is crucial because the proton flux is about 1000 times higher than that of electrons in the energy range 300 GeV ∼ 800 GeV. The Top Counting Detector (TCD) and Bottom Counting Detector (BCD) are designed to optimize e/p separation. The TCD and BCD each consists of a plastic scintillator and an average of 400 photo-diodes, respectively. The TCD and BCD are located immediately above and below the calorimeter, respectively. This detector configuration provides e/p separation by using the different shapes of electromagnetic and hadronic showers. We have characterized the performance of the TCD/BCD in several different ways. The signal to noise ratio of the detector cell components was measured by using a90Sr radioactive source and a high-energy beam at CERN. The temperature dependence of the detector cell component, from -40C to 70C, and the robustness of the TCD/BCD module were confirmed using thermal and vacuum chambers. We present the TCD/BCD design considerations and a summary of the measured performance of the TCD/BCD modules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013
PublisherSociedade Brasileira de Fisica
ISBN (Electronic)9788589064293
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Event33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013 - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Duration: Jul 2 2013Jul 9 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013
Volume2013-October

Other

Other33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013
CountryBrazil
CityRio de Janeiro
Period7/2/137/9/13

Fingerprint

International Space Station
cosmic rays
counting
detectors
simulation
modules
protons
vacuum chambers
nuclear energy
showers
cells

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Park, J. M., Anderson, T., Angelaszek, D., Bae, J. B., Baek, S. J., Baylon, J., ... Yoon, Y. S. (2013). Results of tests and simulations for the top counting detector and bottom counting detector of the ISS-CREAM experiment. In Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013 (Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013; Vol. 2013-October). Sociedade Brasileira de Fisica.
Park, J. M. ; Anderson, T. ; Angelaszek, D. ; Bae, J. B. ; Baek, S. J. ; Baylon, J. ; Copley, M. ; Coutu, S. ; Gupta, M. ; Han, J. H. ; Huh, H. G. ; Hwang, Y. S. ; Hyun, H. J. ; Jeong, I. S. ; Kah, D. H. ; Kang, K. H. ; Kim, H. J. ; Kim, K. C. ; Kwashnak, K. ; Lee, J. ; Lee, M. H. ; Link, J. T. ; Lutz, L. ; Malinin, A. ; Menchaca-Rocha, A. ; Mitchell, J. W. ; Nutter, S. ; Ofoha, O. ; Park, H. ; Park, I. H. ; Patterson, P. ; Seo, E. S. ; Wu, J. ; Yoon, Y. S. / Results of tests and simulations for the top counting detector and bottom counting detector of the ISS-CREAM experiment. Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013. Sociedade Brasileira de Fisica, 2013. (Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013).
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abstract = "The cosmic-ray elemental spectrum is important to understand the generation and acceleration mechanism of high-energy cosmic rays. The Cosmic Rays Energetics And Mass (CREAM) experiment on the International Space Station (ISS) plans to measure nuclear and electron energy spectra precisely. The separation of electrons from protons is crucial because the proton flux is about 1000 times higher than that of electrons in the energy range 300 GeV ∼ 800 GeV. The Top Counting Detector (TCD) and Bottom Counting Detector (BCD) are designed to optimize e/p separation. The TCD and BCD each consists of a plastic scintillator and an average of 400 photo-diodes, respectively. The TCD and BCD are located immediately above and below the calorimeter, respectively. This detector configuration provides e/p separation by using the different shapes of electromagnetic and hadronic showers. We have characterized the performance of the TCD/BCD in several different ways. The signal to noise ratio of the detector cell components was measured by using a90Sr radioactive source and a high-energy beam at CERN. The temperature dependence of the detector cell component, from -40◦C to 70◦C, and the robustness of the TCD/BCD module were confirmed using thermal and vacuum chambers. We present the TCD/BCD design considerations and a summary of the measured performance of the TCD/BCD modules.",
author = "Park, {J. M.} and T. Anderson and D. Angelaszek and Bae, {J. B.} and Baek, {S. J.} and J. Baylon and M. Copley and S. Coutu and M. Gupta and Han, {J. H.} and Huh, {H. G.} and Hwang, {Y. S.} and Hyun, {H. J.} and Jeong, {I. S.} and Kah, {D. H.} and Kang, {K. H.} and Kim, {H. J.} and Kim, {K. C.} and K. Kwashnak and J. Lee and Lee, {M. H.} and Link, {J. T.} and L. Lutz and A. Malinin and A. Menchaca-Rocha and Mitchell, {J. W.} and S. Nutter and O. Ofoha and H. Park and Park, {I. H.} and P. Patterson and Seo, {E. S.} and J. Wu and Yoon, {Y. S.}",
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Park, JM, Anderson, T, Angelaszek, D, Bae, JB, Baek, SJ, Baylon, J, Copley, M, Coutu, S, Gupta, M, Han, JH, Huh, HG, Hwang, YS, Hyun, HJ, Jeong, IS, Kah, DH, Kang, KH, Kim, HJ, Kim, KC, Kwashnak, K, Lee, J, Lee, MH, Link, JT, Lutz, L, Malinin, A, Menchaca-Rocha, A, Mitchell, JW, Nutter, S, Ofoha, O, Park, H, Park, IH, Patterson, P, Seo, ES, Wu, J & Yoon, YS 2013, Results of tests and simulations for the top counting detector and bottom counting detector of the ISS-CREAM experiment. in Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013. Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013, vol. 2013-October, Sociedade Brasileira de Fisica, 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 7/2/13.

Results of tests and simulations for the top counting detector and bottom counting detector of the ISS-CREAM experiment. / Park, J. M.; Anderson, T.; Angelaszek, D.; Bae, J. B.; Baek, S. J.; Baylon, J.; Copley, M.; Coutu, S.; Gupta, M.; Han, J. H.; Huh, H. G.; Hwang, Y. S.; Hyun, H. J.; Jeong, I. S.; Kah, D. H.; Kang, K. H.; Kim, H. J.; Kim, K. C.; Kwashnak, K.; Lee, J.; Lee, M. H.; Link, J. T.; Lutz, L.; Malinin, A.; Menchaca-Rocha, A.; Mitchell, J. W.; Nutter, S.; Ofoha, O.; Park, H.; Park, I. H.; Patterson, P.; Seo, E. S.; Wu, J.; Yoon, Y. S.

Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013. Sociedade Brasileira de Fisica, 2013. (Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013; Vol. 2013-October).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Results of tests and simulations for the top counting detector and bottom counting detector of the ISS-CREAM experiment

AU - Park, J. M.

AU - Anderson, T.

AU - Angelaszek, D.

AU - Bae, J. B.

AU - Baek, S. J.

AU - Baylon, J.

AU - Copley, M.

AU - Coutu, S.

AU - Gupta, M.

AU - Han, J. H.

AU - Huh, H. G.

AU - Hwang, Y. S.

AU - Hyun, H. J.

AU - Jeong, I. S.

AU - Kah, D. H.

AU - Kang, K. H.

AU - Kim, H. J.

AU - Kim, K. C.

AU - Kwashnak, K.

AU - Lee, J.

AU - Lee, M. H.

AU - Link, J. T.

AU - Lutz, L.

AU - Malinin, A.

AU - Menchaca-Rocha, A.

AU - Mitchell, J. W.

AU - Nutter, S.

AU - Ofoha, O.

AU - Park, H.

AU - Park, I. H.

AU - Patterson, P.

AU - Seo, E. S.

AU - Wu, J.

AU - Yoon, Y. S.

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - The cosmic-ray elemental spectrum is important to understand the generation and acceleration mechanism of high-energy cosmic rays. The Cosmic Rays Energetics And Mass (CREAM) experiment on the International Space Station (ISS) plans to measure nuclear and electron energy spectra precisely. The separation of electrons from protons is crucial because the proton flux is about 1000 times higher than that of electrons in the energy range 300 GeV ∼ 800 GeV. The Top Counting Detector (TCD) and Bottom Counting Detector (BCD) are designed to optimize e/p separation. The TCD and BCD each consists of a plastic scintillator and an average of 400 photo-diodes, respectively. The TCD and BCD are located immediately above and below the calorimeter, respectively. This detector configuration provides e/p separation by using the different shapes of electromagnetic and hadronic showers. We have characterized the performance of the TCD/BCD in several different ways. The signal to noise ratio of the detector cell components was measured by using a90Sr radioactive source and a high-energy beam at CERN. The temperature dependence of the detector cell component, from -40◦C to 70◦C, and the robustness of the TCD/BCD module were confirmed using thermal and vacuum chambers. We present the TCD/BCD design considerations and a summary of the measured performance of the TCD/BCD modules.

AB - The cosmic-ray elemental spectrum is important to understand the generation and acceleration mechanism of high-energy cosmic rays. The Cosmic Rays Energetics And Mass (CREAM) experiment on the International Space Station (ISS) plans to measure nuclear and electron energy spectra precisely. The separation of electrons from protons is crucial because the proton flux is about 1000 times higher than that of electrons in the energy range 300 GeV ∼ 800 GeV. The Top Counting Detector (TCD) and Bottom Counting Detector (BCD) are designed to optimize e/p separation. The TCD and BCD each consists of a plastic scintillator and an average of 400 photo-diodes, respectively. The TCD and BCD are located immediately above and below the calorimeter, respectively. This detector configuration provides e/p separation by using the different shapes of electromagnetic and hadronic showers. We have characterized the performance of the TCD/BCD in several different ways. The signal to noise ratio of the detector cell components was measured by using a90Sr radioactive source and a high-energy beam at CERN. The temperature dependence of the detector cell component, from -40◦C to 70◦C, and the robustness of the TCD/BCD module were confirmed using thermal and vacuum chambers. We present the TCD/BCD design considerations and a summary of the measured performance of the TCD/BCD modules.

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M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84988724792

T3 - Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013

BT - Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013

PB - Sociedade Brasileira de Fisica

ER -

Park JM, Anderson T, Angelaszek D, Bae JB, Baek SJ, Baylon J et al. Results of tests and simulations for the top counting detector and bottom counting detector of the ISS-CREAM experiment. In Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013. Sociedade Brasileira de Fisica. 2013. (Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013).