Adult rhesus monkeys were subjected to complete cerebral ischemia for one hour and subsequent recirculation for up to 24 h. Animals with signs of functional recovery (e.g. spontaneous EEG activity) exhibited a partial replenishment of cellular energy sources (ATP, phosphocreatine) and a progressive normalization of cerebral lactate levels. Glucose and pyruvate concentrations showed a transient increase over control values during the early stages of postischemic recirculation. Monkeys without functional recovery lacked a significant resynthesis of energy-rich compounds; adenine nucleotides continued to decrease and lactate concentrations were higher than in animals subjected to ischemia without recirculation. Cerebral polysome profiles remained unaltered during the ischemic period but in all animals a marked disaggregation of polyribosomes with a concomitant increase in ribosomal subunits occurred after the onset of recirculation. In monkeys with indications of functional recovery these changes were reversible but a normal polysome profile was only observed after 24 h of recirculation. The results obtained indicate a postischemic depression of protein synthesis due to an inhibition of peptide chain initiation. After recirculation of the brain for 3-6 h there was evidence for an induction of enzymes involved in polyamine synthesis (ornithine decarboxylase and S-adenosyl-methionine decarboxylase). No changes in the activity of these enzymes were observed at the end of the ischemic period, indicating that during complete cerebral ischemia not only the synthesis but also the catabolism of proteins is inhibited.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology