RET fusions observed in lung and colorectal cancers are sensitive to ponatinib

Joseph M. Gozgit, Tzu Hsiu Chen, Youngchul Song, Scott Wardwell, Frank Wang, Jie Cai, Henry Li, Henrik Edgren, Victor M. Rivera, Justin Pritchard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genomic studies are revolutionizing clinical oncology, but bridging the lab and the bedside requires the ability to efficiently interrogate rare genetic lesions in unexpected pathological settings using preclinical models. Oncogenes can exhibit intrinsic drug resistance to targeted therapy in different cells of origin, adding complexity to clinical interpretations of genomic findings. Here, we capitalize on the flexibility of engineered cell systems to rapidly profile known multi-kinase inhibitors that harbor rearranged during transfection (RET) kinase activity across multiple RET fusions. Identifying ponatinib as the most potent RET inhibitor tested, we used ponatinib to gauge therapeutic responsiveness in RET fusion-positive patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models. Using a genomics guided outlier approach, we identified 4 RET fusion PDX models with 3 different fusion partners (KIF5B, CCDC6, and NCOA4) in both non-small cell lung cancer and colorectal cancer. By comparing ponatinib activity in RET fusion-positive and RET fusion-negative PDX models alongside a standard of care chemotherapeutic agent, we show that RET fusions in colorectal tumors are therapeutically responsive to RET inhibition. Finally, we suggest that coupling engineered cell systems and genomics guided PDX model selection provides a rapid workflow to triage rare genomics findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29654-29664
Number of pages11
JournalOncotarget
Volume9
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology

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