Central nervous system hemangioblastomas are uncommon tumors of controversial etiology that are usually found in the posterior fossa of the cranial cavity, retina, and spinal cord. Peripheral involvement is rare; only isolated case reports have been identified. We report an unusual case of hemangioblastoma involving the retroperitoneum. A 47-year-old African-American man presented with polycythemia on routine laboratory testing. Computed tomography revealed a large retroperitoneal mass near the pancreas, in a left suprarenal location, without adrenal involvement and without attachment to a nerve. Although hemangioblastoma may be associated with the von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, this patient did not have any of the stigmata of this disease. The histologic features included a highly vascular tumor with cellular areas composed of plump, pleomorphic spindled and epithelioid (stromal) cells with variable cytoplasmic lipid vacuoles and hypocellular areas with inflammatory cells and collagenous fibrils. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the tumor (stromal) cells were positive for vimentin, calponin, S-100 protein, neuron-specific enolase, and CD57 and negative for glial fibrillary acidic protein, cytokeratins, epithelial membrane antigen, CD34, HMB-45, desmin, and the actins. These morphologic and immunohistochemical findings are consistent with hemangioblastoma. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of a hemangioblastoma in this location. Based on this case we conclude that hemangloblastoma may occur in the retroperitoneum and outside of the central nervous system in a patient without von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. The immunoprofile of this case suggests that hemangioblastomas are mesenchymal neoplasms exhibiting both neural and myofibroblastic differentiation. (C) 2000 by W.B. Saunders Company.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine