This paper describes a reusable platform that can apply a linear temperature gradient to a lab-on-a-chip device. When a planar microfluidic device with a series of microchannels is placed on top of the platform with the channels perpendicular to the gradient, each channel is held at a discrete temperature. This allows temperature-dependent data for chemical or biochemical species flowed into the device to be obtained in a concurrent fashion. As a demonstration, a melting curve for dsDNA is performed by collecting all the data simultaneously. The gradient is stable enough to easily distinguish between 30-mers where the complement strand contains a single C-A mismatch or a single T- G mismatch or is a perfect match. On the other hand, a temperature gradient can be formed parallel to the direction of flow of the microchannels. This allows the temperature in each channel to vary continuously as the liquid flows downstream. If each microchannel in the array contains a distinct pH value, ionic strength, species concentration, or chemical composition, then a high-throughput two-variable experiment can be performed. We demonstrate this mode of data collection by measuring the fluorescence yield of fluorescein dye molecules in aqueous solution simultaneously as a function of concentration and temperature.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry