Review: Friction stir welding tools

R. Rai, A. De, H. K.D.H. Bhadeshia, T. DebRoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

349 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Friction stir welding (FSW) is a widely used solid state joining process for soft materials such as aluminium alloys because it avoids many of the common problems of fusion welding. Commercial feasibility of the FSW process for harder alloys such as steels and titanium alloys awaits the development of cost effective and durable tools which lead to structurally sound welds consistently. Material selection and design profoundly affect the performance of tools, weld quality and cost. Here we review and critically examine several important aspects of FSW tools such as tool material selection, geometry and load bearing ability, mechanisms of tool degradation and process economics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-342
Number of pages18
JournalScience and Technology of Welding and Joining
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011

Fingerprint

friction stir welding
Friction stir welding
materials selection
Welds
Bearings (structural)
fusion welding
costs
titanium alloys
Alloy steel
Titanium alloys
Joining
aluminum alloys
economics
Costs
Aluminum alloys
Welding
Fusion reactions
Acoustic waves
steels
degradation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Rai, R. ; De, A. ; Bhadeshia, H. K.D.H. ; DebRoy, T. / Review : Friction stir welding tools. In: Science and Technology of Welding and Joining. 2011 ; Vol. 16, No. 4. pp. 325-342.
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Review : Friction stir welding tools. / Rai, R.; De, A.; Bhadeshia, H. K.D.H.; DebRoy, T.

In: Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, Vol. 16, No. 4, 01.05.2011, p. 325-342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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