Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has led to over 170?million cases worldwide with over 33.2?million cases and 594,000 deaths in the US alone as of May 31st, 2021. The pandemic has also created severe shortages of personal protective equipment, particularly of filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued recommendations to help conserve FFRs, as well as crisis standards, including four criteria required for decontamination of the traditionally single use respirators. This review is designed to provide an overview of the current literature on vaporized hydrogen peroxide (vHP), hydrogen peroxide gas plasma (HPGP), and aerosolized hydrogen peroxide (aHP) with respect to each of the four CDC decontamination criteria. Methods: PubMed and Medrxiv were queried for relevant articles. All articles underwent a title and abstract screen as well as subsequent full text screen by two blinded reviewers if indicated. Results: Searches yielded 195 papers, of which, 79 were found to be relevant. Of those, 23 papers presented unique findings and 8 additional articles and technical papers were added to provide a comprehensive review. Overall, while there are potential concerns for all 3 decontamination methods, we found that vHP has the most evidence supporting its use in FFR decontamination consistent with CDC recommendation. Conclusions: Future research is recommended to evaluate biological inactivation and real world fit failures after FFR reuse.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health Policy
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases