Review of united states and international formaldehyde emission regulations for interior wood composite panels

Thomas C. Ruffing, Wenping Shi, Nicole Brown, Paul Michael Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


This article compares and contrasts formaldehyde emission regulations for interior wood composite panels in the US, the European Union, Japan, and China. Historical context, product-specific emission limits, test methods, and product certification requirements are detailed for each emission standard. In particular, the recently enacted California Air Resources Board (CARB) formaldehyde regulation is compared with established international formaldehyde regulations and differences in four key areas, emission limits, documentation, deconstructive testing, and enforcement, are highlighted. Implications of CARB and US Environmental Protection Agency regulatory actions are discussed, and future work is suggested in the rapidly evolving and highly debated arena of formaldehyde emission policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-31
Number of pages11
JournalWood and Fiber Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Forestry
  • Materials Science(all)

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