The prosperity of human society largely relies on safe energy supply, and fossil fuel has been serving as the most reliable energy source. However, as a non-renewable energy source, the exhaustion of fossil fuel is inevitable and imminent in this century. To address this problem, renewable energy especially solar energy has attracted much attention, because it directly converts solar energy into electrical power leaving no environment affect. In the past, various photovoltaic devices like organic, inorganic, and hybrid solar cells were fabricated in succession. In spite of high conversion rate of silicon based solar cells, the high module cost and complicated production process restricted their application solely to astronautic and aeronautic technology. For domestic and other commercial applications, research has been focused on organic solar cells for their inherent low module cost and easy fabrication. In addition, organic solar cells have their lightweight and flexibility advantage over conventional silicon-based crystalline solar cells. Among all the organic solar cells, dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) are the most efficient and easily implemented technology. Here, this study examines the working principle, present development and future prospectus for this novel technology.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment