Revisión: el estado medioambiental y las implicancias del desfase de nitrato en Europa y América del Norte

Translated title of the contribution: Review: the environmental status and implications of the nitrate time lag in Europe and North America

Sara E. Vero, Nandita B. Basu, Kimberly Van Meter, Karl G. Richards, Per Erik Mellander, Mark G. Healy, Owen Fenton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

The efficacy of water quality policies aiming to reduce or prevent nitrate contamination of waterbodies may be constrained by the inherent delay or “time lag” of water and solute transport through unsaturated (soil) and saturated (groundwater) pathways. These delays must be quantified in order to establish realistic deadlines, thresholds and policy expectations, and to design effective best management practices. The objective of this review is to synthesise the current state of research on nitrate-related time lags in both the European and North American environmental and legislative contexts. The durations of time lags have been found to differ according to climatic, pedological, landscape and management scenarios. Elucidation of these driving factors at a watershed scale is essential where water quality is impaired or at risk. Finally, the existence of time lags is increasingly being acknowledged at a policy level and incorporated into the development of environmental legislation. However, the full impact of these time lags is not yet fully understood or appreciated, and continued outreach and education in scientific, public and policy venues is still required.

Translated title of the contributionReview: the environmental status and implications of the nitrate time lag in Europe and North America
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)7-22
Number of pages16
JournalHydrogeology Journal
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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