RF coil optimization: Evaluation of B1 field homogeneity using field histograms and finite element calculations

Shizhe Li, Qing X. Yang, Michael B. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Two-dimensional (2D) finite element analysis has been used to solve the full set of Maxwell's equations for the 2D magnetic field of radiofrequency (RF) coils. The field histogram method has been applied to evaluate and optimize the magnetic field homogeneity of some commonly used RF coils: the saddle coil, the slotted tube resonator, the multiple elements coil and the birdcage resonator, as well as the radial plate coil. Each coil model represents a cross-section of an infinitely long cylinder. The optimum configuration of each of these five RF coils is suggested. It was found that field homogeneity is more strongly dependent on the coil's window angle than on any other parameter. Additionally, eddy currents in the coil's conductive elements distort the current and magnetic field distribution. The frequency dependence of this eddy current distortion is analyzed and discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1079-1087
Number of pages9
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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