Risk factors for surgical site infection after supraclavicular flap reconstruction in patients undergoing major head and neck surgery

Neerav Goyal, Kevin S. Emerick, Daniel G. Deschler, Derrick T. Lin, Bharat B. Yarlagadda, Debbie L. Rich, Marlene L. Durand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Surgical site infections can adversely affect flaps in head and neck reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk factors of surgical site infections in supraclavicular artery island flap reconstructions. Methods: Records of patients undergoing head and neck surgery from 2011 to 2014 with supraclavicular artery island flap reconstruction at a single specialty hospital were reviewed; surgical site infections ≤30 days postoperatively were noted. Results: Of 64 patients, 86% underwent resection for malignancy, 55% previously received radiation. Sixty-three percent of surgeries were clean-contaminated. Seven patients (11%) developed recipient site surgical site infections, all in patients who underwent clean-contaminated surgery for malignancy. There was no complete flap loss. No significant differences in demographics or perioperative factors were noted. Oral cavity and laryngeal reconstructions (p =.014) and clean-contaminated surgery (p =.04) were factors associated with increased surgical site infection risk on univariate but not multivariate analysis. Patients with surgical site infections had longer hospitalizations (p =.003). Conclusion: The supraclavicular artery island flap can be used for head and neck reconstruction with a low rate of surgical site infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1615-1620
Number of pages6
JournalHead and Neck
Volume38
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Goyal, N., Emerick, K. S., Deschler, D. G., Lin, D. T., Yarlagadda, B. B., Rich, D. L., & Durand, M. L. (2016). Risk factors for surgical site infection after supraclavicular flap reconstruction in patients undergoing major head and neck surgery. Head and Neck, 38(11), 1615-1620. https://doi.org/10.1002/hed.24480