Risk of stillbirth and infant death stratified by gestational age

Melissa G. Rosenstein, Yvonne W. Cheng, Jonathan M. Snowden, James Nicholson, Aaron B. Caughey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To estimate the multiple dimensions of risk faced by pregnant women and their health care providers when comparing the risks of stillbirth at term with the risk of infant death after birth. This is a retrospective cohort study that included all nonanomalous, term deliveries in the state of California from 1997 to 2006 (N=3,820,826). The study compared infant mortality rates after delivery at each week of term pregnancy with the rates of a composite fetal-infant mortality that would occur after expectant management for 1 additional week. The risk of stillbirth at term increases with gestational age from 2.1 per 10,000 ongoing pregnancies at 37 weeks of gestation up to 10.8 per 10,000 ongoing pregnancies at 42 weeks of gestation. At 38 weeks of gestation, the risk of expectant management carries a similar risk of death as delivery, but at each later gestational age, the mortality risk of expectant management is higher than the risk of delivery (39 weeks of gestation: 12.9 compared with 8.8 per 10,000; 40 weeks of gestation: 14.9 compared with 9.5 per 10,000; 41 weeks of gestation: 17.6 compared with 10.8 per 10,000). Infant mortality rates at 39, 40, and 41 weeks of gestation are lower than the overall mortality risk of expectant management for 1 week. II.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-82
Number of pages7
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology
Volume120
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

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Stillbirth
Gestational Age
Pregnancy
Risk Management
Infant Mortality
Mortality
Fetal Mortality
Infant Death
Women's Health
Pregnancy Rate
Health Personnel
Pregnant Women
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies
Parturition

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Rosenstein, M. G., Cheng, Y. W., Snowden, J. M., Nicholson, J., & Caughey, A. B. (2012). Risk of stillbirth and infant death stratified by gestational age. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 120(1), 76-82. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0b013e31825bd286
Rosenstein, Melissa G. ; Cheng, Yvonne W. ; Snowden, Jonathan M. ; Nicholson, James ; Caughey, Aaron B. / Risk of stillbirth and infant death stratified by gestational age. In: Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2012 ; Vol. 120, No. 1. pp. 76-82.
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Rosenstein, MG, Cheng, YW, Snowden, JM, Nicholson, J & Caughey, AB 2012, 'Risk of stillbirth and infant death stratified by gestational age', Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 120, no. 1, pp. 76-82. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0b013e31825bd286

Risk of stillbirth and infant death stratified by gestational age. / Rosenstein, Melissa G.; Cheng, Yvonne W.; Snowden, Jonathan M.; Nicholson, James; Caughey, Aaron B.

In: Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 120, No. 1, 01.01.2012, p. 76-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Rosenstein MG, Cheng YW, Snowden JM, Nicholson J, Caughey AB. Risk of stillbirth and infant death stratified by gestational age. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2012 Jan 1;120(1):76-82. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0b013e31825bd286