Robust classification of crisis-related data on social networks using convolutional neural networks

Dat Tien Nguyen, Kamela Ali Al Mannai, Shafiq Joty, Hassan Sajjad, Muhammad Imran, Prasenjit Mitra

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of social media, in particular microblogging platforms such as Twitter, as a conduit for actionable and tactical information during disasters is increasingly acknowledged. However, time-critical analysis of big crisis data on social media streams brings challenges to machine learning techniques, especially the ones that use supervised learning. The scarcity of labeled data, particularly in the early hours of a crisis, delays the learning process. Existing classification methods require a significant amount of labeled data specific to a particular event for training plus a lot of feature engineering to achieve best results. In this work, we introduce neural network based classification methods for identifying useful tweets during a crisis situation. At the onset of a disaster when no labeled data is available, our proposed method makes the best use of the out-of-event data and achieves good results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 11th International Conference on Web and Social Media, ICWSM 2017
PublisherAAAI press
Pages632-635
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781577357889
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event11th International Conference on Web and Social Media, ICWSM 2017 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: May 15 2017May 18 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 11th International Conference on Web and Social Media, ICWSM 2017

Other

Other11th International Conference on Web and Social Media, ICWSM 2017
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period5/15/175/18/17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications

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  • Cite this

    Nguyen, D. T., Al Mannai, K. A., Joty, S., Sajjad, H., Imran, M., & Mitra, P. (2017). Robust classification of crisis-related data on social networks using convolutional neural networks. In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Web and Social Media, ICWSM 2017 (pp. 632-635). (Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Web and Social Media, ICWSM 2017). AAAI press.