Role of active nitrogen molecules in progression of septic shock

N. Kothari, J. Bogra, M. Kohli, A. Malik, D. Kothari, S. Srivastava, R. S. Keshari, Vishal Singh, M. K. Barthwal, M. Dikshit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction Active nitrogen molecules are formed as a result of cell metabolism. They are essential for cell metabolism, but when produced in excess, they contribute to the pathogenesis of several disease processes. These nitrogen molecules play an important role in vascular instability of septic shock. This study was planned to detect the role of active nitrogen molecules in the progression of septic shock. Materials and methods Blood samples were collected from 118 critically ill patients admitted in ICU and from 95 healthy relatives accompanying the patients. Patients were categorized into three groups: systemic inflammatory response syndrome (n = 54), sepsis (n = 35) and septic shock (n = 29). Plasma total nitrite (nitrites and nitrates), cytokines like tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and plasma lactate were measured to assess inflammatory activity and severity of septic shock. Results High plasma levels of nitrite and nitrate (No 2-/No 3-) were observed in critically ill patients (mean level 78.92 μmol/l in sepsis and 97.20 μmol/l in septic shock). Mean plasma TNF-α level in sepsis was 213.50 pg/ml and septic shock was 227.38 pg/ml. Conclusion Plasma No 2-/No 3- and TNF-α levels were high in patients with sepsis and septic shock, which increased with severity of sepsis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-315
Number of pages9
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

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Septic Shock
Nitrogen
Sepsis
Nitrites
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Critical Illness
Nitrates
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Blood Vessels
Lactic Acid
Cytokines

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Kothari, N., Bogra, J., Kohli, M., Malik, A., Kothari, D., Srivastava, S., ... Dikshit, M. (2012). Role of active nitrogen molecules in progression of septic shock. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, 56(3), 307-315. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-6576.2011.02607.x
Kothari, N. ; Bogra, J. ; Kohli, M. ; Malik, A. ; Kothari, D. ; Srivastava, S. ; Keshari, R. S. ; Singh, Vishal ; Barthwal, M. K. ; Dikshit, M. / Role of active nitrogen molecules in progression of septic shock. In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. 2012 ; Vol. 56, No. 3. pp. 307-315.
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abstract = "Introduction Active nitrogen molecules are formed as a result of cell metabolism. They are essential for cell metabolism, but when produced in excess, they contribute to the pathogenesis of several disease processes. These nitrogen molecules play an important role in vascular instability of septic shock. This study was planned to detect the role of active nitrogen molecules in the progression of septic shock. Materials and methods Blood samples were collected from 118 critically ill patients admitted in ICU and from 95 healthy relatives accompanying the patients. Patients were categorized into three groups: systemic inflammatory response syndrome (n = 54), sepsis (n = 35) and septic shock (n = 29). Plasma total nitrite (nitrites and nitrates), cytokines like tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and plasma lactate were measured to assess inflammatory activity and severity of septic shock. Results High plasma levels of nitrite and nitrate (No 2-/No 3-) were observed in critically ill patients (mean level 78.92 μmol/l in sepsis and 97.20 μmol/l in septic shock). Mean plasma TNF-α level in sepsis was 213.50 pg/ml and septic shock was 227.38 pg/ml. Conclusion Plasma No 2-/No 3- and TNF-α levels were high in patients with sepsis and septic shock, which increased with severity of sepsis.",
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Kothari, N, Bogra, J, Kohli, M, Malik, A, Kothari, D, Srivastava, S, Keshari, RS, Singh, V, Barthwal, MK & Dikshit, M 2012, 'Role of active nitrogen molecules in progression of septic shock', Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 307-315. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-6576.2011.02607.x

Role of active nitrogen molecules in progression of septic shock. / Kothari, N.; Bogra, J.; Kohli, M.; Malik, A.; Kothari, D.; Srivastava, S.; Keshari, R. S.; Singh, Vishal; Barthwal, M. K.; Dikshit, M.

In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, Vol. 56, No. 3, 01.03.2012, p. 307-315.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Role of active nitrogen molecules in progression of septic shock

AU - Kothari, N.

AU - Bogra, J.

AU - Kohli, M.

AU - Malik, A.

AU - Kothari, D.

AU - Srivastava, S.

AU - Keshari, R. S.

AU - Singh, Vishal

AU - Barthwal, M. K.

AU - Dikshit, M.

PY - 2012/3/1

Y1 - 2012/3/1

N2 - Introduction Active nitrogen molecules are formed as a result of cell metabolism. They are essential for cell metabolism, but when produced in excess, they contribute to the pathogenesis of several disease processes. These nitrogen molecules play an important role in vascular instability of septic shock. This study was planned to detect the role of active nitrogen molecules in the progression of septic shock. Materials and methods Blood samples were collected from 118 critically ill patients admitted in ICU and from 95 healthy relatives accompanying the patients. Patients were categorized into three groups: systemic inflammatory response syndrome (n = 54), sepsis (n = 35) and septic shock (n = 29). Plasma total nitrite (nitrites and nitrates), cytokines like tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and plasma lactate were measured to assess inflammatory activity and severity of septic shock. Results High plasma levels of nitrite and nitrate (No 2-/No 3-) were observed in critically ill patients (mean level 78.92 μmol/l in sepsis and 97.20 μmol/l in septic shock). Mean plasma TNF-α level in sepsis was 213.50 pg/ml and septic shock was 227.38 pg/ml. Conclusion Plasma No 2-/No 3- and TNF-α levels were high in patients with sepsis and septic shock, which increased with severity of sepsis.

AB - Introduction Active nitrogen molecules are formed as a result of cell metabolism. They are essential for cell metabolism, but when produced in excess, they contribute to the pathogenesis of several disease processes. These nitrogen molecules play an important role in vascular instability of septic shock. This study was planned to detect the role of active nitrogen molecules in the progression of septic shock. Materials and methods Blood samples were collected from 118 critically ill patients admitted in ICU and from 95 healthy relatives accompanying the patients. Patients were categorized into three groups: systemic inflammatory response syndrome (n = 54), sepsis (n = 35) and septic shock (n = 29). Plasma total nitrite (nitrites and nitrates), cytokines like tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and plasma lactate were measured to assess inflammatory activity and severity of septic shock. Results High plasma levels of nitrite and nitrate (No 2-/No 3-) were observed in critically ill patients (mean level 78.92 μmol/l in sepsis and 97.20 μmol/l in septic shock). Mean plasma TNF-α level in sepsis was 213.50 pg/ml and septic shock was 227.38 pg/ml. Conclusion Plasma No 2-/No 3- and TNF-α levels were high in patients with sepsis and septic shock, which increased with severity of sepsis.

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Kothari N, Bogra J, Kohli M, Malik A, Kothari D, Srivastava S et al. Role of active nitrogen molecules in progression of septic shock. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. 2012 Mar 1;56(3):307-315. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-6576.2011.02607.x