Role of angiotensin-(1-7) and Mas-R-nNOS pathways in amplified neuronal activity of dorsolateral periaqueductal gray after chronic heart failure

Jihong Xing, Jian Lu, Jianhua Li

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Abstract

The midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) is an integrative neural site in regulating several physiological functions including cardiovascular activities driven by sympathetic nervous system. Specifically, activation of the dorsolateral PAG (dl-PAG) leads to increases in sympathetic nervous activity and arterial blood pressure. Our recent studies demonstrated that angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] plays an inhibitory role in neuronal activity of the dl-PAG via a Mas-R [Ang-(1-7) receptor] and neuronal NO dependent signaling pathway (Mas-R-nNOS). Because sympathetic nervous activity is augmented in chronic heart failure (HF), the present study was to determine (1) the levels of Ang-(1-7) and Mas-R-nNOS expression within the dl-PAG of control rats and rats with HF and (2) the role for Ang-(1-7) in modulating activity of dl-PAG neurons in both groups. Results showed that chronic HF decreased the levels of Ang-(1-7) and attenuated Mas-R-nNOS pathways. Also, we demonstrated that the discharge rates of dl-PAG neurons of HF rats (5.52. ±. 0.52. Hz, n= 21, P<. 0.05 vs. control) were augmented as compared with control rats (4.03. ±. 0.39. Hz, n= 28) and an inhibitory role played by Ang-(1-7) in neuronal activity of the dl-PAG was significantly decreased in HF (51. ±. 6%, P<. 0.05 vs. control) as compared with controls (72. ±. 8%). Our findings suggest that the inhibitory effects of Ang-(1-7) on dl-PAG neurons are impaired in HF, likely due to attenuated Mas-R-nNOS signaling pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-11
Number of pages6
JournalNeuroscience letters
Volume563
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 20 2014

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Periaqueductal Gray
Heart Failure
Neurons
Sympathetic Nervous System
Mesencephalon
angiotensin I (1-7)
Arterial Pressure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "Role of angiotensin-(1-7) and Mas-R-nNOS pathways in amplified neuronal activity of dorsolateral periaqueductal gray after chronic heart failure",
abstract = "The midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) is an integrative neural site in regulating several physiological functions including cardiovascular activities driven by sympathetic nervous system. Specifically, activation of the dorsolateral PAG (dl-PAG) leads to increases in sympathetic nervous activity and arterial blood pressure. Our recent studies demonstrated that angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] plays an inhibitory role in neuronal activity of the dl-PAG via a Mas-R [Ang-(1-7) receptor] and neuronal NO dependent signaling pathway (Mas-R-nNOS). Because sympathetic nervous activity is augmented in chronic heart failure (HF), the present study was to determine (1) the levels of Ang-(1-7) and Mas-R-nNOS expression within the dl-PAG of control rats and rats with HF and (2) the role for Ang-(1-7) in modulating activity of dl-PAG neurons in both groups. Results showed that chronic HF decreased the levels of Ang-(1-7) and attenuated Mas-R-nNOS pathways. Also, we demonstrated that the discharge rates of dl-PAG neurons of HF rats (5.52. ±. 0.52. Hz, n= 21, P<. 0.05 vs. control) were augmented as compared with control rats (4.03. ±. 0.39. Hz, n= 28) and an inhibitory role played by Ang-(1-7) in neuronal activity of the dl-PAG was significantly decreased in HF (51. ±. 6{\%}, P<. 0.05 vs. control) as compared with controls (72. ±. 8{\%}). Our findings suggest that the inhibitory effects of Ang-(1-7) on dl-PAG neurons are impaired in HF, likely due to attenuated Mas-R-nNOS signaling pathways.",
author = "Jihong Xing and Jian Lu and Jianhua Li",
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T1 - Role of angiotensin-(1-7) and Mas-R-nNOS pathways in amplified neuronal activity of dorsolateral periaqueductal gray after chronic heart failure

AU - Xing, Jihong

AU - Lu, Jian

AU - Li, Jianhua

PY - 2014/3/20

Y1 - 2014/3/20

N2 - The midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) is an integrative neural site in regulating several physiological functions including cardiovascular activities driven by sympathetic nervous system. Specifically, activation of the dorsolateral PAG (dl-PAG) leads to increases in sympathetic nervous activity and arterial blood pressure. Our recent studies demonstrated that angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] plays an inhibitory role in neuronal activity of the dl-PAG via a Mas-R [Ang-(1-7) receptor] and neuronal NO dependent signaling pathway (Mas-R-nNOS). Because sympathetic nervous activity is augmented in chronic heart failure (HF), the present study was to determine (1) the levels of Ang-(1-7) and Mas-R-nNOS expression within the dl-PAG of control rats and rats with HF and (2) the role for Ang-(1-7) in modulating activity of dl-PAG neurons in both groups. Results showed that chronic HF decreased the levels of Ang-(1-7) and attenuated Mas-R-nNOS pathways. Also, we demonstrated that the discharge rates of dl-PAG neurons of HF rats (5.52. ±. 0.52. Hz, n= 21, P<. 0.05 vs. control) were augmented as compared with control rats (4.03. ±. 0.39. Hz, n= 28) and an inhibitory role played by Ang-(1-7) in neuronal activity of the dl-PAG was significantly decreased in HF (51. ±. 6%, P<. 0.05 vs. control) as compared with controls (72. ±. 8%). Our findings suggest that the inhibitory effects of Ang-(1-7) on dl-PAG neurons are impaired in HF, likely due to attenuated Mas-R-nNOS signaling pathways.

AB - The midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) is an integrative neural site in regulating several physiological functions including cardiovascular activities driven by sympathetic nervous system. Specifically, activation of the dorsolateral PAG (dl-PAG) leads to increases in sympathetic nervous activity and arterial blood pressure. Our recent studies demonstrated that angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] plays an inhibitory role in neuronal activity of the dl-PAG via a Mas-R [Ang-(1-7) receptor] and neuronal NO dependent signaling pathway (Mas-R-nNOS). Because sympathetic nervous activity is augmented in chronic heart failure (HF), the present study was to determine (1) the levels of Ang-(1-7) and Mas-R-nNOS expression within the dl-PAG of control rats and rats with HF and (2) the role for Ang-(1-7) in modulating activity of dl-PAG neurons in both groups. Results showed that chronic HF decreased the levels of Ang-(1-7) and attenuated Mas-R-nNOS pathways. Also, we demonstrated that the discharge rates of dl-PAG neurons of HF rats (5.52. ±. 0.52. Hz, n= 21, P<. 0.05 vs. control) were augmented as compared with control rats (4.03. ±. 0.39. Hz, n= 28) and an inhibitory role played by Ang-(1-7) in neuronal activity of the dl-PAG was significantly decreased in HF (51. ±. 6%, P<. 0.05 vs. control) as compared with controls (72. ±. 8%). Our findings suggest that the inhibitory effects of Ang-(1-7) on dl-PAG neurons are impaired in HF, likely due to attenuated Mas-R-nNOS signaling pathways.

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JF - Neuroscience Letters

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