Role of arginine 59 in the γ-class carbonic anhydrases

Brian C. Tripp, Chingkuang Tu, James Gregory Ferry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The functional role of the highly conserved active site Arg 59 in the prototype of the γ-class carbonic anhydrase Cam (carbonic anhydrase from Methanosarcina thermophila) was investigated. Variants (R59A, -C, -E, -H, -K, -M, and -Q) were prepared by site-directed mutagenesis and characterized by size exclusion chromatography (SEC), circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, and stopped-flow kinetic analyses. CD spectra indicated similar secondary structures for the wild type and the R59A and -K variants, independent of nondenaturing concentrations of guanidine hydrochloride (GdnHCl). SEC indicated that all variants purified as homotrimers like the wild type. SEC also revealed that the R59A and -K variants unfolded at ≥ 1.5 M GdnHCl, compared to 3.0 M GdnHCl for the wild type. These results indicate that Arg 59 contributes to the thermodynamic stability of the Cam trimer. The R59K variant had kcat and kcat/Km values that were 8 and 5% of the wild-type values, respectively, while all other variants had kcat and kcat/Km values 10-100-fold lower than those of the wild type. The R59A, -C, -E, -M, and -Q variants exhibited 4-63-fold increases in kcat and 9-120-fold increases in kcat/Km upon addition of 100 mM GdnHCl, with the largest increases observed for the R59A variant, which was comparable to the R59K variant. The kinetic results indicate that a positive charge at position 59 is essential for the CO2 hydration step of the overall catalytic mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-678
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemistry
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2002

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Carbonic Anhydrases
Guanidine
Arginine
Size exclusion chromatography
Gel Chromatography
Cams
Circular Dichroism
Methanosarcina
Circular dichroism spectroscopy
Mutagenesis
Kinetics
Dichroism
Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Thermodynamics
Hydration
Catalytic Domain
Spectrum Analysis
Thermodynamic stability

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Tripp, Brian C. ; Tu, Chingkuang ; Ferry, James Gregory. / Role of arginine 59 in the γ-class carbonic anhydrases. In: Biochemistry. 2002 ; Vol. 41, No. 2. pp. 669-678.
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Role of arginine 59 in the γ-class carbonic anhydrases. / Tripp, Brian C.; Tu, Chingkuang; Ferry, James Gregory.

In: Biochemistry, Vol. 41, No. 2, 15.01.2002, p. 669-678.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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