Role of DNA sequences outside the cores of DNase hypersensitive sites (HSs) in functions of the β-globin locus control region. Domain opening and synergism between HS2 and HS3

John D. Jackson, Hanna Petrykowska, Sjaak Philipsen, Webb Miller, Ross Hardison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

The roles of each DNase hypersensitive site (HS), and the DNA sequences between them, in the activity of the locus control region of the mammalian β-globin gene domain were examined by placing human and rabbit restriction fragments containing the cores of HS2, HS3, HS4, and HS5, along with varying amounts of flanking DNA, upstream of a hybrid ε-globin-luciferase reporter gene and testing for effects on expression both prior to and after integration into the chromosomes of K562 cells, a human erythroid cell line. Prior to integration, fragments containing HS2 enhanced expression to the greatest extent, and the modest enhancement by some fragments containing HS3 correlated with the presence of a well-conserved binding site for AP1/NFE2. The stronger effects of larger locus control region DNA fragments in clones of stably transfected cells indicates a role for sequences outside the HS cores after integration into the genome. The strong effect of a 1.9-kilobase HindIII fragment containing HS3 after, but not prior to, integration argues for the presence of a chromatin domain-opening activity. Use of a rabbit DNA fragment containing both HS2 and HS3 demonstrated a synergistic interaction between the two HSs when their natural context and spacing are preserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11871-11878
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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