Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) promotes anabolism by stimulating protein synthesis in skeletal muscle. In the present study, we have examined mechanisms by which IGF-I stimulates protein synthesis in skeletal muscle with a perfused rat hindlimb preparation. IGF-I (10 nM) stimulated protein synthesis over 2.7-fold. Total RNA content was unaffected, but translational efficiency was increased by IGF-I. We next examined the effect of IGF-I on eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4E as a mechanism regulating translation initiation. IGF-I did not alter either the amount of eIF4E associated with the eIF4E binding protein 4E-BP1 or the phosphorylation state of 4E-BP1. Likewise, the phosphorylation state of eIF4E was unaltered by IGF-I. In contrast, the amount of eIF4E bound to eIF4G was increased threefold by IGF- I. We conclude that IGF-I regulates protein synthesis in skeletal muscle by enhancing formation of the active eIF4E·eIF4G complex.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Issue number||1 41-1|
|State||Published - Jan 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Physiology (medical)