Two alkylol amines, which were ethanolamine (EOA) and triethanolamine (TEOA), were used to posttreat nanosized titanium silicalite-1 (TS-1) to improve its catalytic activity for 1-butene epoxidation. Comparative studies were conducted to clarify the influences of the EOA and TEOA concentrations on the physicochemical properties through detailed characterization. EOA treatment can dissolve the framework Si, [SiO4], on the external surface of TS-1, generating some macropores. TEOA serves as structure-directing agent to form MFI topology other than the dissolution of [SiO4], and promotes the recrystallization of [SiO4], forming new TS-1 particles over the external surface. The two treatments can both improve the catalytic activity of 1-butene epoxidation, but the samples treated with TEOA exhibit better catalytic stability. This can be attributed to the characteristic recrystallization of [SiO4] in the case of TEOA treatment, stabilizing the structure of TS-1 and maintaining more framework Ti and intercrystal space.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry