Role of renin-angiotensin system in hypotension-evoked thirst: Studies with hydralazine

Sean D. Stocker, Alan F. Sved, Edward M. Stricker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Injection of rats either with diazoxide (25 mg/kg iv), isoproterenol (0.33 mg/kg sc), or hydralazine (HDZ) (10 mg/kg ip) decreased arterial blood pressure from ~120 to 70-80 mmHg and stimulated renin secretion. However, diazoxide and isoproterenol treatments each stimulated water ingestion, whereas HDZ treatment did not. HDZ treatment did not reduce water intake evoked by systemic injection of hypertonic saline or 20% polyethylene glycol solution or by 24-h water deprivation, suggesting that HDZ treatment did not interfere with drinking behavior. In contrast, HDZ treatment markedly reduced water intake evoked by injection of diazoxide or isoproterenol or by intravenous infusion of renin. Furthermore, a highly significant correlation was observed when plasma ANG II levels were plotted as a function of plasma renin activity after intravenous infusion of renin and after diazoxide and isoproterenol treatments. However, values obtained after HDZ treatment alone or in combination with intravenous infusion of renin did not fall near the 99% confidence interval of the regression line, suggesting that HDZ treatment blocks ANG II production and/or promotes its clearance. Thus rats apparently do not increase water intake after HDZ treatment, because this drug interferes with the renin-angiotensin system. These results provide further evidence that arterial hypotension evokes thirst in rats predominantly by activation of the renin-angiotensin system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume279
Issue number2 48-2
StatePublished - 2000

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Thirst
Hydralazine
Renin-Angiotensin System
Hypotension
Diazoxide
Renin
Isoproterenol
Intravenous Infusions
Drinking
Therapeutics
Injections
Water Deprivation
Drinking Behavior
Arterial Pressure
Eating
Confidence Intervals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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abstract = "Injection of rats either with diazoxide (25 mg/kg iv), isoproterenol (0.33 mg/kg sc), or hydralazine (HDZ) (10 mg/kg ip) decreased arterial blood pressure from ~120 to 70-80 mmHg and stimulated renin secretion. However, diazoxide and isoproterenol treatments each stimulated water ingestion, whereas HDZ treatment did not. HDZ treatment did not reduce water intake evoked by systemic injection of hypertonic saline or 20{\%} polyethylene glycol solution or by 24-h water deprivation, suggesting that HDZ treatment did not interfere with drinking behavior. In contrast, HDZ treatment markedly reduced water intake evoked by injection of diazoxide or isoproterenol or by intravenous infusion of renin. Furthermore, a highly significant correlation was observed when plasma ANG II levels were plotted as a function of plasma renin activity after intravenous infusion of renin and after diazoxide and isoproterenol treatments. However, values obtained after HDZ treatment alone or in combination with intravenous infusion of renin did not fall near the 99{\%} confidence interval of the regression line, suggesting that HDZ treatment blocks ANG II production and/or promotes its clearance. Thus rats apparently do not increase water intake after HDZ treatment, because this drug interferes with the renin-angiotensin system. These results provide further evidence that arterial hypotension evokes thirst in rats predominantly by activation of the renin-angiotensin system.",
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Role of renin-angiotensin system in hypotension-evoked thirst : Studies with hydralazine. / Stocker, Sean D.; Sved, Alan F.; Stricker, Edward M.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, Vol. 279, No. 2 48-2, 2000.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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