Role of Reversible Phase Transformation for Strong Piezoelectric Performance at the Morphotropic Phase Boundary

Hui Liu, Jun Chen, Houbing Huang, Longlong Fan, Yang Ren, Zhao Pan, Jinxia Deng, Long Qing Chen, Xianran Xing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

A functional material with coexisting energetically equivalent phases often exhibits extraordinary properties such as piezoelectricity, ferromagnetism, and ferroelasticity, which is simultaneously accompanied by field-driven reversible phase transformation. The study on the interplay between such phase transformation and the performance is of great importance. Here, we have experimentally revealed the important role of field-driven reversible phase transformation in achieving enhanced electromechanical properties using in situ high-energy synchrotron x-ray diffraction combined with 2D geometry scattering technology, which can establish a comprehensive picture of piezoelectric-related microstructural evolution. High-throughput experiments on various Pb/Bi-based perovskite piezoelectric systems suggest that reversible phase transformation can be triggered by an electric field at the morphotropic phase boundary and the piezoelectric performance is highly related to the tendency of electric-field-driven phase transformation. A strong tendency of phase transformation driven by an electric field generates peak piezoelectric response. Further, phase-field modeling reveals that the polarization alignment and the piezoelectric response can be much enhanced by the electric-field-driven phase transformation. The proposed mechanism will be helpful to design and optimize the new piezoelectrics, ferromagnetics, or other related functional materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number055501
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume120
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 29 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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