Role of the Self-Image and Smoker Stereotype in Smoking Onset during Early Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study

Patricia A. Aloise-Young, Karen M. Hennigan, John W. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study utilized a longitudinal design to assess whether self-consistency or self-enhancement motives are predictive of future smoking onset. Participants were 1,222 nonsmoking 5th through 8th graders who were followed into the next academic year. The results showed that teens who were above the median in similarity between their self-image and smoker stereotype on coolness, sociability, and intelligence were almost twice as likely to show smoking onset at the 2nd measurement. This is supportive of a self-consistency motive for adolescent smoking. The results of this study provide an important extension to previous cross-sectional research in this area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)494-497
Number of pages4
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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