Routine Activity Theory, Target Congruence, and School Context: A Multilevel Analysis of Teacher Victimization

Soo Hyun, Pamela Wilcox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Teachers at school are typically considered as handlers or guardians of students and managers of classrooms—in roles that foster learning and protect students from harm. Thus, relatively little research attention is given to identifying the risk factors for teacher victimization in comparison with the great deal of work addressing the correlates of student victimization at school. The present study fills this gap in the literature on school violence by examining the individual- and school-level predictors of teacher victimization. The authors’ analysis is framed using a multilevel opportunity theoretical approach, incorporating measures of teacher activities, self-protection, teacher attributes that suggest target vulnerability and target antagonism, school-level norms supportive of delinquency, and school-level guardianship. These various risk and protective factors are examined using hierarchical negative binomial regression models with data from over 4,100 teachers in 98 schools in Kentucky.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-372
Number of pages24
JournalVictims and Offenders
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Law

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